DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20213370

The multifaceted use of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 in a pediatric clinic: a retrospective observational study

Dhanasekhar Kesavelu

Abstract


Background: Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 is a well-studied probiotic which colonizes many mammals. In humans, L. reuteri is found in various body sites including the gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, skin and breast milk. It fulfills all the prerequisites of being a good probiotic as described by the world gastroenterology organization.

Methods: This was a retrospective observational study, where a nutritional supplement L. reuteri DSM 17938 was given to 197 children, aged 0-16 years, along with normal diet. The participants were having complains of diarrhea, stomach pain and frequent hospitalization. Various parameters were recorded such as sex, age, anthropometry-weight and height (every visit), diagnosis, reason for outpatient visits and various demography including but not limited to- birthplace, current location, year in school, reason for hospital admission (if any). Paired t test was used to find difference in weight and height between each visit.

Results: A total of 118 subjects were included in the analysis. Five drops of nutritional supplement L. reuteri DSM 17938 was given. Supplementation of L. reuteri reduced the need for hospital admissions. 96% children did not require hospital admission. It improved the overall health of the children. There was a statistical significance in the height and weight between first and second visits (p<0.001). A 7.65% weight increase was noted in between first and second visit. A 2.32% height increase was seen between first and second visit.

Conclusions: L. reuteri DSM 17938 given as a nutritional supplement improved the health of the children and reduced the need for hospital admissions.

 


Keywords


Nutritional supplements, Height, Weight, Children, L. reuteri DSM17938, Probiotic

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