A non-interventional comparative study between medical and dental undergraduates regarding their knowledge, attitude and practice of antibiotic use in a tertiary care teaching rural hospital: emphasis on WHO fact-sheets

Authors

  • Ervilla Dass Department of Pharmacology, Smt. Bhikhiben Kanjibhai Shah Medical Institute and Research Centre, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth an Institution deemed to be University, Piparia, Vadodara, Gujarat, India http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6731-5969
  • Aneri Patel MBBS Student, Smt. Bhikhiben Kanjibhai Shah Medical Institute and Research Centre, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth an Institution deemed to be University, Piparia, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
  • Huzaifa Patel MBBS Student, Smt. Bhikhiben Kanjibhai Shah Medical Institute and Research Centre, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth an Institution deemed to be University, Piparia, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
  • Dhruvesh Patel MBBS Student, Smt. Bhikhiben Kanjibhai Shah Medical Institute and Research Centre, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth an Institution deemed to be University, Piparia, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
  • Himanshi Patel MBBS Student, Smt. Bhikhiben Kanjibhai Shah Medical Institute and Research Centre, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth an Institution deemed to be University, Piparia, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
  • Harvi Patel MBBS Student, Smt. Bhikhiben Kanjibhai Shah Medical Institute and Research Centre, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth an Institution deemed to be University, Piparia, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
  • Bhavya Patel MBBS Student, Smt. Bhikhiben Kanjibhai Shah Medical Institute and Research Centre, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth an Institution deemed to be University, Piparia, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20193610

Keywords:

Antibiotics, Attitude, Comparison, Knowledge, Practice, Undergraduate students

Abstract

Background: The threat of antibiotic resistance is rapidly progressing and intensifying. The awareness generation of antibiotic use, its seriousness and significance are the first step towards restricting its progress. It is in this regards that this comparative questionnaire-based study was conducted.

Methods: The knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) among medical and dental students of a tertiary care teaching rural hospital was assessed.  Before initiating the study, their written consent was taken, and 125 structured questionnaires were distributed to medical and dental students. Data collected was further entered in Microsoft excel sheet and further comparison of KAP between them was analysed.

Results: The results were depicted in percentage. Regarding the indiscriminate and injudicious use of antibiotics can lead to prolongation of illness, the medical students were more aware 82.4% compared to the dental 65.6%. When asked about additional burden of medical cost to the patient, the medical students responded with yes 88.8% and dental student’s response of yes was 47.22%. Also, medical 90.4% students had heard about antibiotic resistance and 60.8% from dental students, which implies that UG students should be made more aware of antibiotic resistance and its consequences.

Conclusions: Thus, the results of the study give useful information about the knowledge, attitudes and practices of medical and dental students, that can be further utilized to plan suitable educational interventions that target at improving the knowledge for prescribing antimicrobial medicines. This can further help in minimizing the development of bacterial resistance.

Author Biography

Ervilla Dass, Department of Pharmacology, Smt. Bhikhiben Kanjibhai Shah Medical Institute and Research Centre, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth an Institution deemed to be University, Piparia, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Department of Pharmacology,
Smt. Bhikhiben Kanjibhai Shah Medical Institute & Research Centre,
Sumandeep Vidyapeeth an Institution Deemed to be University,Vadodara.

References

Chen C, Chen C, Chen YM, Hwang KL, Lin SJ, Yang CC, Tsay RW, et al. Behaviour, attitudes and knowledge about antibiotic usage among residents of Changhua, Taiwan. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2005;38(1):53-9.

Srinivasan A, Song X, Richards A, Sinkowitz-Cochran R, Cardo D, Rand C. A survey of knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of house staff physicians from various specialties concerning antimicrobial use and resistance. Arch Intern Med. 2004;164(13):1451-60.

Conly J, Johnston B. Where are all the new antibiotics? The new antibiotic paradox. Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2005;16(3):159-60.

WHO (World Health Organization): Global Framework for Development and Stewardship to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance; 2017. Available at: http://www.who.int Accessed on 15 August 2016.

Kumarasamy K, Toleman M, Walsh T, Bagaria J, Butt F, Balakrishnan R, Woodford N. Emergence of a New Antibiotic Resistance Mechanism in India, Pakistan and the UK. Lancet Infect Dis. 2010;10(9):597-602.

WHO (World Health Organization): Antibiotic Resistance: Multi-Country Public Awareness Survey; 2015. Available at: http://apps.who.int/. Accessed Accessed on 15 July 2016.

WHO Campaigns. World Antibiotic Awareness Week. Available at: http://www.who.int/. Accessed Accessed on 18 June 2015.

Turnidge J, Christiansen K. Antibiotic use and resistance- proving the obvious. Lancet. 2015;365(9459):548-9.

Eng JV, Marcus R, Hadler JL, Imhoff B, Vugia DJ, Cieslak PR, et al. Consumer attitudes and use of antibiotics. Emerg Infect Dis. 2003;9(9):1128-35.

Goossens H. Antibiotic Consumption and link to resistance. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2009;15(3):12-5.

Vazquez-Lago JM, Lopez-Vazquez P, Lopez-Duran A, Taracido-Trunk M, Figueiras A. Attitudes of primary care physicians to the prescribing of antibiotics and antimicrobial resistance: a qualitative study from Spain. Fam Pract. 2012;29(3):352-60.

Downloads

Published

2019-08-28

How to Cite

Dass, E., Patel, A., Patel, H., Patel, D., Patel, H., Patel, H., & Patel, B. (2019). A non-interventional comparative study between medical and dental undergraduates regarding their knowledge, attitude and practice of antibiotic use in a tertiary care teaching rural hospital: emphasis on WHO fact-sheets. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 8(9), 1976–1982. https://doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20193610

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles