DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20190660

Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice in pharmacovigilance among clinical post graduate students in a teaching hospital, Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh, India

Sindhura Nagisetty, Tulasi M. Thotakura

Abstract


Background: Adverse drug reactions (ADR) are global problem causing morbidity and mortality. Good pharmacovigilance (PV) programme can address this problem. Under reporting of ADR is one of the obstacles for good PV. In order to achieve this, health professionals need to have enough Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of ADR`s. The present study was conducted to assess KAP about PV among post graduate (PG) students.

Methods: A self administered questionnaire validated by Lynn M consisting of 22 questions covering knowledge, attitude & practice about PV was distributed among PG students of clinical departments of MIMS College. Answering of the questionnaires was supervised directly. Filled questionnaires were analyzed by using Microsoft Excel spread sheet.

Results: Evaluation showed an average of 52.3% correct and 47.7% incorrect knowledge about ADR`s and PV.50% students are not sure regarding occurrence of ADR.90% students are not been trained upon reporting of ADR`s. Our study found out that PG students have better attitude towards PV, but have improper knowledge & less awareness about PV. We also found lack of practice among the students.

Conclusions: Imparting knowledge and awareness of PV among the PG students by means of continuous educational intervention can create better practice among PG students.


Keywords


Adverse drug reactions, Attitude and practice questionnaires, Knowledge, Lynn M, Pharmacovigilance, Post graduate students

Full Text:

PDF

References


World Health Organization. International drug monitoring: The role of national centers. Report of a WHO meeting. World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser. 1972;498:1-25.

Sivadasan S. A Study On The Awareness And Attitude Towards Pharmacovigilance And Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Among Nursing Students In A Private University Malaysia; Int J Pharma Res. 2015;7(1):84-9.

Ramesh M, Pandit J, Parthasarathi G. Adverse drug reactions in a south Indian hospital. Their severity and cost involved Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2003;12:687-92.

Lihite RJ, Lahkar M. An update on the Pharmacovigilance Programme of India. Front. Pharmacol. 2015;6:194.

Tandon VR, Mahajan V, Khajuria V, Gillani Z. Under-Reporting of Adverse Drug Reactions: A Challenge for Pharmacovigilance in India. Indian J Pharmacol. 2015;47(1):65-71.

Goyal M, Bansal M, Yadav S, Grover V, Preetkanwa. To assess the KAP of medical professionals about adverse drug reactions and their reporting in a teaching hospital. Indian J Clin Pract. 2013;24(3):281-4.

Lynn M. Determination and quantification of content validity. Nursing Res.1986;35:382-5.

Rajesh R. An Educational Intervention to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of pharmacovigilance among health care professionals in an Indian tertiary care teaching hospital- Int J Curr Pharm Res. 2011;7(1):84-9.

Gupta P, Udupa A. Adverse drug reaction reporting and pharmacovigilance: Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions among resident doctors. J Pharm Sci Res. 2011;3:1064-9.

Khan SA, Goyal C, Chandel N, Rafi M. Knowledge, attitudes, and practice of doctors to adverse drug reaction reporting in a teaching hospital in India: An observational study. J Nat SCI Biol Med. 2013;1:191-6.

Khan SA, Goyal C, Tonpay SD. A study of knowledge, attitudes, and practice of dental doctors about adverse drug reaction reporting in a teaching hospital in India. Perspect Clin Res. 2015;6(3):144–9.

Rehan HS, Vasudev K, Tripathi CD. Adverse drug reaction monitoring: knowledge, attitude and practices of medical students and prescribers. Natl Med J India. 2002;15(1):24-6.

Cosentino M, Leoni O, Banfi F, Lecchini S, Frigo G. Attitudes to adverse drug reaction reporting by medical practitioners in a Northern Italian district. Pharmacol Res.1997;35:85-8.

Bharathan B, Raju N. A Survey about the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Among Doctors in Bangalore City. Sixth Annual Conference of the Society of Pharmacovigilance (India), Kurupanidhi College of Pharmacy, Bangalore, India; 2006;

Ramesh M, Parthasarathi G. Adverse Drug Reactions Reporting: Attitudes and Perceptions of Medical Practitioners. Asian J of Pharm Clin Res. 2009;2:10-4.

Chatterjee S, Lyle N, Ghosh S. A survey of the knowledge, attitude and practice of adverse drug reaction reporting by clinicians in eastern India. Drug Saf. 2006;29:641-2.

Kharkar M, Bowalekar S. Knowledge, attitude and perception/practices (KAP) of medical practitioners in India towards adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting. Perspect Clin Res. 2012;3(3):90–4.

Chopra D, Wardhan N, Rehan HS. Knowledge, attitude and practices associated with adverse drug reaction reporting amongst doctors in a teaching hospital. Int J Risk Safety Med. 2011;23(4):227-32.

Pimpalkhute SA, Jaiswal KM, Sontakke SD, Bajait CS, Gaikwad A. Evaluation of awareness about Pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reaction monitoring in resident doctors of a tertiary care teaching hospital. Indian J Med Sci. 2012;66:55-61.

Hardeep, Bajaj JK, Kumar R. A Survey on the Knowledge, Attitude and the Practice of Pharmacovigilance Among the Health Care Professionals in a Teaching Hospital in Northern India. J Clin Diagnos Res. 2013;7(1):97-9.