Comparative study of knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among undergraduate students of MBBS and BDS
Keywords:ADRs, Dental, KAP, Self-medication, Questionnaire, Undergraduate
Background: Comparative studies are quite useful in evaluating the current practices in self medication among a similar subset of population. Since, self medication is one of the major causes of promoting irrational use of drugs its burden needs to be estimated more so in students with medical background.
Methods: The study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching medical college among MBBS and BDS students. A questionnaire was selected based on outcome of small surveys done prior to this current study was among the MBBS and BDS students to assess their Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) towards self medication. Data was analyzed and expressed as numbers and percentage.
Results: Total 180 students participated in the study voluntarily (100 MBBS and 80 BDS). Knowledge regarding self medication was more seen in MBBS students as compared to dental students. Only five of MBBS students encountered ADR’s(Adverse drug reactions) due to self medication. Analgesic group of drugs was the most common medication used by both the groups and pain was the chief component for which drug therapy was used.
Conclusions: This study showed that students had fair knowledge about self medication but it appeared to be more among MBBS students as compared to BDS, although knowledge about ADR’s was not up to the mark. The attitude and practice of self medication was similar in both the groups. Thus, it is important to impart proper knowledge about self medication among medical students and encouragement regarding ADR teaching should be promoted.
Khajuria V, Gupta S, Arora S, Sadiq S. Self medication in dermatological conditions-A Northern Indian Tertiary Hospital Experience. RJPBCS 2013;4(1):247-51.
Mehta RK, Sharma S. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of self medication among medical students. IOSR-JNHS. 2015;4(1):89-96.
Shaik T, Mehar BR. A questionnaire based study to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of rationale use of antibiotics among undergraduate dental students in a tertiary care dental hospital of South India. Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol. 2017;6(2):312-5.
Balamurgan E, Ganesh K. Prevalance and pattern of self medication use in coastal regions of South India BJMP. 2011;4(3):a428.
Business World. India emerges as top five pharmaceuticals markets of the world,2018. Available at: http:// business world.in/article/india-emerges-as-top-five-pharmaceuticals-market of the world/05-05-2018-148349. Accessed 26 Oct 2018.
Singla S, Kaur M, Mahajan R. Pattern and practice of self medication in students of health professional university in North India. Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol. 2017:2607-11.
Kumari R, Kumar D, Bahl R, Gupta R. Study of knowledge and practices of self medication among medical students at Jammu. Journal of Medical Sciences. 2012;15(2):141-4.
Patil SB, Vardhamane SH, Patil BV, Santoshkumar J, Binjawadgi AS, Kanaki AR. Self-medication practice and perceptions among undergraduate medical students: a cross-sectional study. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR. 2014 Dec;8(12):HC20.
Kumar R, Goyal A, Podhy BM, Gupta YK. Self medication practice and factors influencing it among medical and paramedical students in India: A two period comparative cross sectional study. J Nat Sci Biol Med. 2016;7(2):143-8.
Shah AK, Rathore RS, Datir NP. Assessment of self medication among dental students: An institution based survey in a dental college at Vadodra, Gujarat. The Health Agenda. 2015;3(3).
Sankdia RK, Agarwal M, Rekha PB, Kothari N. A questionnaire based study regarding the knowledge, attitude and practice of self medication among second year undergraduate medical students. IJPCS. 2017;6(1):1-5.
Zafar SN, Syed R, Waqar S, Zubairi AJ, Vaqar T, Shaikh M, et al. Self-medication amongst university students of Karachi: prevalence, knowledge and attitudes. J Pak Med Assoc. 2008;58(4):214.
James H, Handu SS, Al Khaja KA, Otoom S, Sequeira RP. Evaluation of the knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among first-year medical students. Medical principles and practice. 2006;15(4):270-5.
Thadani S, Salman MT, Ahmad A. Knowledge, attitude and practice of self medication among second year undergraduate medical students. J Rational Pharmacother Res. 2013;1(3):131-4.