Evaluation of awareness about pharmacoeconomics in postgraduate students of a tertiary care teaching hospital: a questionnaire based observational study
Keywords:Awareness, Knowledge, Pharmacoeconomics, Postgraduate students
Background: Pharmacoeconomics identifies, measures and compares the costs and consequences of drug therapy to health care systems and society. The per capita income of all middle class people is limited and the drug prices are growing extensively. Therefore, it is the responsibility of the health-care professionals to balance both cost and quality of treatment. Hence, this study was planned among the postgraduate students who form the major part of health care delivery system to assess their awareness about pharmacoeconomis.
Methods: This was a questionnaire based cross-sectional study. Self-administered questionnaire was distributed among 72 residents, out of which 61 completely filled questionnaires were finally used for statistical analysis. The questionnaire contained questions relating to awareness, knowledge, method of application and students’ attitude about pharmacoeconomics.
Results: The willingness to participate in the study among postgraduates was extremely poor. Those who have participated, almost 39% of participants were having awareness about the topic. Nearly 31 % of the participants were having knowledge regarding pharmacoeconomics and around 21 % of participants have learnt the method of application in various aspects.
Conclusions: Study has revealed that that the knowledge and perception level of postgraduates in day to day use of pharmacoeconomic concepts are poor and limited. Therefore, it is very necessary to make them aware about the concept of pharmacoeconomics by incorporationg it in their medical curriculum and by conducting CMEs and Workshops on pharmacoeconomics.
Bootman JL, Townsend RJ, Mc Ghan WF. Principles of Pharmacoeconomics. 2nd Ed. Cincinnati OH: Harvey Whitney Books Co.; 1996.
India Knowledge @ Wharthon, with RSBY, India tries to Curb the Health-based Poverty Trap, May 03, 2012.
Corporate Social Responsibility: Pharmaceutical Industry by Prof. RD Joshi; Interlink Insight. 2007;5(4).
Spiegel BM, Targownick L, Dulai GS, Grainek IM. The cost effectiveness of cyclooxygenase-2 selective inhibitors in the management of chronic arthritis. Ann Intern Med 2003;138(10):795-806.
The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority. Available at: http://www.nppaindia.nic.in/index1.html. [Last accessed on 2016 Jan 05].
Available at: http://www.cdsco.nic.in/html/Sec_122_A. [Last accessed on 2011 Jan 08].
Dhamend L. Pharmacoeconomics and the Clinician: A South African Perspective, South African Family Practice. 2011;53:1:92.
Seth DS. General Pharmacology Introduction. In: Seth DS (editor), Textbook of Pharmacology, 2nd edition. Elsevier; Addendum I; 1999:824.
Savkar MK, Bhat PN, Deepika G, Shwetha. Evaluation of pharmacoeconomics awareness among post graduates: a questionnaire based study. Indian Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Research. 2014:3(3):135-41.
Jayasree D, Uppu B, Devi BV. A study on awareness of pharmacoeconomics among postgraduates in a tertiary care teaching hospital. Int J Res Med Sci. 2016;4:1597-603.
Ross KN, Siniscalco MT, Auriat N. Quantitative research methods in educational planning. Questionnaire design Module 8. International Institute for Educational Planning © UNESCO; September 2005:3-4.
Foddy W. Constructing questions for interviews and questionnaires. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1993.
Oppenheim AN. Questionnaire design, interviewing and attitude measurement. London: Pinter Publishers Limited; 1992.
Hass B, Pooley J, Feuring M, Suvarna V, Harrington AE. Health technology assessment and its role in the future development of the Indian healthcare sector. Perspectives in Clinical Research. 2012;3:66-72.
Tahashildar J, Kota K, Kumar KS, Mohanty L, Ahmed SY. Assessment of the Knowledge and Perceptions about Pharmacoeconomics among Medical postgraduate students and Healthcare professionals at a Tertiary care teaching hospital, Udaipur, India. International J of current research and Academic review. 2015;3(2):135-42.
Zwart-van Rijkom JE, Leufkens HG, Busschbach JJ, Broekmans AW, Rutten FF. Differences in Attitudes, Knowledge and Use of Economic Evaluations in Decision-Making in The Netherlands the Dutch Results from the Euromet Project. Pharmacoeconomics. 2000;18(2):149-60.