DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20151357

Assessment of knowledge of pharmacovigilance among the nurses of tertiary care hospital

Pratik Pradip Wadivkar, Vijay R. Zad, Monali P. Vakharia, Kalpana U. Shah

Abstract


Background: The Pharmacovigilance Programme of India envisages that “All” health care professionals will play an important role in making the program a success. Nurses and midwives have better population outreach as compared to physicians alone. The objectives were to assess the knowledge of pharmacovigilance among the nurses of a tertiary care hospital.

Methods: The study was conducted from the month of March 2015 to July 2015. Nurses were provided pre-structured questionnaire for filling after explaining the aim and objectives of the study. Responses were pooled and analyzed.

Results: 100 nurses returned completed forms. 63% respondents had heard about the term pharmacovigilance. 41% of these could correctly define it. All the respondents had heard about adverse drug reaction (ADR), 39% could correctly define it. 35% of the participants were of the opinion that both doctors and nurses should report ADR. 76% were not aware of any National Programme of Pharmacovigilance. 72% of nurses claimed to be aware of common ADRs of the drugs they routinely administered by them. 81% of the nurses were not routinely informed to be on lookout for specific drug reactions by the treating physicians. 91% of nurses were of the opinion that periodic pharmacovigilance training will benefit ADR reporting with 58% favoring yearly workshops.

Conclusion: The present study focused on the major lacunae in efficient ADR reporting. Nurses being a major stakeholder in healthcare delivery, can be mobilized in the field of ADR reporting, which currently is not the norm, albeit with adequate training.


Keywords


Pharmacovigilance, Nurses, Adverse drug reactions, Adverse drug reaction reporting systems

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bavdekar SB, Karande S. National pharmacovigilance program. Indian Pediatr. 2006;43(1):27-32.

Pharmacovigilance Programme of India. Available at http://www.ipc.gov.in/PvPI/pv_about.html. Cited 26 August 2015.

Physicians (per 1,000 People). World Health Organization’s Global Health Workforce Statistics; 2012. Available at http://www.data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.MED.PHYS.ZS. Cited 25 August 2015.

Nurses and Midwives (per 1,000 People). World Health Organization’s Global Health Workforce Statistics; 2011. Available at http://www.data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.MED.NUMW.P3. Cited 25 August 2015.

Hajebi G, Mortazavi SA, Salamzadeh J, Zian A. A survey of knowledge, attitude and practice of nurses towards pharamacovigilance in Taleqani Hospital. Iran J Pharm Res. 2010;9(2):199-206.

John LJ, Arifulla M, Cheriathu JJ, Sreedharan J. Reporting of adverse drug reactions: an exploratory study among nurses in a teaching hospital, Ajman, United Arab Emirates. Daru. 2012;20(1):44.

Ekman E, Petersson G, Tågerud S, Bäckström M. Awareness among nurses about reporting of adverse drug reactions in Sweden. Drug Healthc Patient Saf. 2012;4:61-6.

Alan S, Ozturk M, Gokyildiz S, Avcibay B, Karatas Y. An evaluation of knowledge of pharmacovigilance among nurses and midwives in Turkey. Indian J Pharmacol. 2013;45(6):616-8.