DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20162816

Prospective, randomized, double blind, placebo controlled clinical study to different doses of ketamine for prevention of shivering during spinal anaesthesia

Kanchan R. Rupwate, Swarda K. Pardeshi, Bharati A. Tendolkar

Abstract


Background: Ketamine has better effect than other drugs like pethidine, fentanyl, clonidine, tramadol, midazolam in prevention of shivering during anaesthesia and has a role in thermoregulation by different means. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety, efficacy of Ketamine injection and to compare the different doses (0.25 mg/kg and 0.5 mg/kg) of inj. Ketamine in prevention of shivering in operative patients under spinal anaesthesia.

Methods: The present study was a prospective, randomized, double blinded and clinical study conducted in L.T.M.M.C & L.T.M.G.H, Mumbai, India during January 2012 to September 2013. 120 patients with American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) physical status of I or II, between the age of 18 – 65 years of either sex and height 150-170 cms were randomly selected and included in the study as per eligibility.

Results: The study suggests that prophylactic administration of injection Ketamine at doses of 0.25 mg/kg and 0.5 mg/kg was producing a significant antishivering effect but an incidence of sedation and hallucination was observed in the Ketamine 0.5 mg/kg receiving group throughout the perioperative period.

Conclusions: From this study we can conclude that prophylactic dose of Ketamine 0.25 mg/kg i.v. has lesser side effects comparison to Ketamine 0.5 mg/kg i.v. in prevention of shivering in patients, undergoing surgical procedure under spinal anaesthesia.


Keywords


Ketamine, Shivering, Perioperative, Shivering score, Spinal anaesthesia

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