Antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of bacterial pathogens for uncomplicated urinary tract infection in female patients at a tertiary level hospital

Authors

  • Majeda Khanam Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Sher-E-Bangla Medical College, Barishal, Bangladesh
  • Anwara Sultana Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, South Apollo Medical College, Barishal, Bangladesh
  • Sania Hoque Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Aichi Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20241641

Keywords:

Urinary tract infection, Bacterial pathogens, Antimicrobial sensitivity, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter spp.

Abstract

Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) remain the common infections in outpatients as well as hospitalized patients. Antimicrobials are frequently used drugs for the treatment of UTIs. Periodic evaluation of antimicrobial activity of different antimicrobial agents is essential as the pattern of antimicrobial sensitivity may vary over period. The aim of this study was to identify the antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of the isolated uropathogens in female patients in urinary tract infection at a tertiary care hospital in Bangladesh.

Methods: This observational cross-sectional type of study was conducted in the department of pharmacology and therapeutics in collaboration with department of microbiology SBMC, outpatient department of medicine, and gynaecology and obstetrics, SBMCH, Barishal, from January 2017 to December 2017.

Results: In this study, age of the subjects ranging from 18 to 65 years, majority subjects (57.0%) belonged to age group of 31-44 years. The mean age was found 44.5±9.1 years. Out of 200 cases, 83% cases hailing from rural area and 17% from urban site. In this study microbial culture result of uncomplicated UTI revealed that 103 (51.5%) of urine samples had significant bacteriuria. E. coli was found to be the most prevalent 47 (45.6%), followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae 18 (17.4%), Proteus spp. 11 (10.6%) and Enterobacter spp. 9 (8.7%).

Conclusions: The pattern of resistance to commonly used antimicrobials for treating UTI alerts us against indiscriminate usage of antimicrobials.

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Published

2024-06-25

How to Cite

Khanam, M., Sultana, A., & Hoque, S. (2024). Antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of bacterial pathogens for uncomplicated urinary tract infection in female patients at a tertiary level hospital. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 13(4), 433–438. https://doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20241641

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Original Research Articles