A retrospective and observational study of the adverse drug reactions reported in a tertiary care hospital

Authors

  • Veena Rani Vemuri Department of Pharmacology, Terna Medical College, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20240033

Keywords:

Adverse drug reaction, Pharmacovigilance, Drug safety, Causality, ADR reporting pattern

Abstract

Background: Adverse drug reaction (ADR) is considered a common cause of prolonged hospitalization and death among patients. Pharmacovigilance is essential in the surveillance of adverse drug reactions. The responsibility of a healthcare professional is to report any adverse reaction that occurs with the use of drugs. This helps in providing a database and improving the safety of patients. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of ADR, assess causality, severity, and preventability of the submitted adverse drug reactions, increase the awareness of preventability of adverse drug reactions in health care professionals by conducting regular workshops on ADR, and document occurrence of a rare ADR.

Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted to assess the ADR reported to the ADR monitoring Centre, for the past 6 years included in the study. The data were entered into Microsoft excel and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Mean and standard deviation were calculated for the categorical data. Drugs were classified according to the class. Reactions were analyzed using scales and presented in descriptive statistics.

Results: A total of 95 ADR reports were received and reported. These ADRs were associated with a total of 108 drugs that were prescribed- the occurrence of ADRs dominated among females 60% (57). Antimicrobials were causing the highest number of adverse reactions 21 (19.44%) and antituberculosis drugs and radiocontrast media were associated with the following larger number of the ADRs 19 (17.59%).  Intravenous at 40% was the most common route related to the development of ADR. The most common ADR caused by antimicrobials was rash (9), antitubercular therapy commonly caused hepatitis, and chills and rigors were more common with radiocontrast media. Most of the reactions observed in the patients were moderate reactions at 52.63% with 3.16% fatal ones.

Conclusions: In this study, the predominant causative drugs associated with ADR were antimicrobials, antitubercular drugs, and radiocontrast media. The number of ADRs reported though was less there was a wide range of drugs causing ADR that were reported which gave a broader spectrum for analysis. There is a requirement for active monitoring of ADRs to understand the occurrence as well as help in prevention.

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Published

2024-01-23

How to Cite

Vemuri, V. R. (2024). A retrospective and observational study of the adverse drug reactions reported in a tertiary care hospital. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 13(2), 213–218. https://doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20240033

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Original Research Articles