Antibiotic utilization profile in surgical ward at secondary government hospital


  • Riva Marchiella Department of Pharmaceuticals Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Khairunnisa Khairunnisa Department of Pharmacology and Clinical/Community Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Wiryanto Wiryanto Department of Pharmacology and Clinical/Community Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia



DU 90%, ATC/DDD, Prescribing indicators, Drug utilization, DUR


Background: This study aimed to determine the profile of the antibiotic utilization in defined daily dose (DDD) units and DU 90% at surgical ward of secondary government hospital in Indonesia within six months period of study.

Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted over six months on surgical ward patients prescribed with at least one oral or parenteral antibiotic during hospitalization. Data were collected from pharmacy dispensing data and evaluated using World Health Organization (WHO) DDD. Antibiotics DDD were analysed using DU 90% segmentation in order to know the 90 percent cumulative of antibiotic consumption in surgical ward. WHO prescribing indicators were used to examine the antibiotic prescribing pattern in DU 90% segment.

Results: Out of 319 antibiotic prescribed to surgical ward patients, 219 prescriptions were belonging to DU 90% segment including ceftriaxone (38.94%), moxifloxacin (16.41%), fosfomycin (14.06%), metronidazole (12.43%), and gentamicin (7.69%) in decreasing fashioned. Of the five groups of antibiotics belong to DU90%, ceftriaxone was the highest in DDD (272.5). The average number of antibiotic prescribed to patients were 1.64±0.92. The percentage of antibiotic prescribed by its generic name as well the prescribing of antibiotic from National list of essential medicines were 70.79% and 72.51%, respectively (optimal value 100%).

Conclusions: Our findings on using drug utilization 90% and prescribing indicators are practical for assessing the most widely used antibiotics in ward or hospital setting and to evaluate the quality of prescribing pattern. The antibiotic utilization profile in this study can be used to provide comparative data between hospital and beneficial for future policy making to improve prescribing practice.


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How to Cite

Marchiella, R., Khairunnisa, K., & Wiryanto, W. (2023). Antibiotic utilization profile in surgical ward at secondary government hospital. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 13(1), 51–56.



Original Research Articles