Perceptions of undergraduate medical students of old traditional and new CBME curriculum about pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions reporting at a tertiary care teaching hospital: a comparative study

Authors

  • Sailaxmi Venepally Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College, Nizamabad, Telangana, India
  • Indira K. Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College, Nizamabad, Telangana, India
  • Sankirth Jadala Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College, Nizamabad, Telangana, India
  • Murali Krishna C. Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College, Nizamabad, Telangana, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20233191

Keywords:

Perceptions, CBME curriculum, Adverse drug reaction, Pharmacovigilance

Abstract

Background: National pharmacovigilance program is an ongoing program to monitor the adverse drug reactions and reporting at the earliest. The effectiveness and success of any pharmacovigilance system depends highly on the participation of all health care professionals. As medical students are future health-care givers, this study is aimed to measure perceptions on Pharmacovigilance and ADR reporting among medical students of two different curriculum.

Methods: A validated and standardized KAP Questionnaire based cross sectional study. It consists of 22 questions divided into four sections of total of 22 items (six related to Personal details, eight related to knowledge, four related to attitude, and four related to practice) The filled questionnaires were collected and analyzed by MS excel

Results: A comparative sample of 100 from old (phase 4) and 100 from New CBME (phase 3) curriculum undergraduate medical students of Government Medical College are included in our study. The average score of phase 3 and phase 4 medical students for knowledge was 85.37% and 75.87%, for attitude was 95.5% and 84% and for practices was 88.75% and 67.5% respectively.

Conclusions: The overall knowledge, attitude and practices of new curriculum students found to be better than old curriculum students as CBME curriculum was introduced from the academic year 2019–2020 in all Medical Institutions of India to impart knowledge, communication and leadership skills using various teaching–learning methods among students.

References

The safety of medicines in public health programmes: pharmacovigilance, an essential tool. Available at: https://www.who.int/medicines/areas/quality_safety/safety_efficacy/Pharmacovigilance_B.pdf. Accessed on 20 November 2022.

Brown SD, Landry FJ. Recognizing, reporting and reducing adverse drug reactions. South Med J. 2001; 94:370-3.

Ramesh M, Pandit J, Parthasarathi G. Adverse drug reactions in a south Indian hospital-Their severity and cost involved. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2003;12:687-92.

Alshammari TM. Drug safety: The concept, inception and its importance in patients’ health. Saudi Pharm J. 2016;24(4):405-12.

Lopez-Gonzalez E, Herdeiro MT and Figueiras A. Determinants of under-reporting of adverse drug reactions: a systematic review. Drug Safety. 2009; 32(1):19-31.

Vallano A. Obstacles and solutions for spontaneous reporting of adverse drug reactions in the hospital. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2005;60:653-8.

Bouvy JC, De Bruin ML, Koopmanschap MA. Epidemiology of adverse drug reactions in Europe: a review of recent observational studies. Drug Safety. 2015;38(5):437-53.

Alam K, Karki B, Gupta AK, Sarraf DP, Wagle S. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions reporting among the community pharmacies in Dharan. Int J Sci Rep. 2021;7:382-7.

Acharya TA, Trivedi MD, Joshi KJ, Chhaiya SB, Mehta DS. An observational study to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice of pharmacovigilance among undergraduate medical students of a tertiary care teaching hospital. Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol. 2022;12:1361-5.

Gupta R, Malhotra A, Malhotra P. A study on determinants of underreporting of adverse drug reactions among resident doctors. Int J Res Med Sci. 2018;6:623-7.

Kulmi M, Reddy P, Dhakre S, Shinde M, Goyal C. Knowledge, attitude and practices of pharmacovigilance among the postgraduate and undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital in Central India. Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol. 2017;6:1127-32.

Upadhyaya HB, Vora MB, Nagar JG, Patel PB. Knowledge, attitude and practices toward pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions in postgraduate students of Tertiary Care Hospital in Gujarat. J Adv Pharm Technol Res. 2015;6:29-34.

Kunnoor NS, Singanal S, Lohit K. Perception of doctors towards Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR) reporting: A cross sectional survey using a validated questionnaire. Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol. 2017;6: 2671-5.

Shrestha S, Sharma S, Bhasima R, Kunwor P, Adhikari B, Sapkota B. Impact of an educational intervention on pharmacovigilance knowledge and attitudes among health professionals in a Nepal cancer hospital. BMC Med Edu. 2020;20:179.

Sharrad AK, AL-Tukmagi HF, Ahmed GS. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reaction reporting among pharmacy students in Basra University, Iraq. Int J Pharm Sci Rev Res. 2017;46:83-7.

Bagewadi HG, Deodurg PM, Patil BV, Dass AP. Knowledge, attitude, perceptions and assessment of effectiveness of educational intervention on pharmacovigilance among undergraduate medical students at Gulbarga Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalaburagi, India. Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol. 2018;7: 103-8.

Gupta P, Udupa A. Adverse drug reaction reporting and pharmacovigilance: Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions amongst resident doctors. J Pharm Sci Res. 2011;3:1064-9.

Downloads

Published

2023-10-25

How to Cite

Venepally, S., K., I., Jadala, S., & C., M. K. (2023). Perceptions of undergraduate medical students of old traditional and new CBME curriculum about pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions reporting at a tertiary care teaching hospital: a comparative study. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 12(6), 810–815. https://doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20233191

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles