A randomized controlled trial to compare ramipril and sacubitril/valsartan in post-acute coronary syndrome patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction in terms of improvement in ejection fraction

Authors

  • Gaurav Sharma Department of Pharmacology, Dr. R.P.G.M.C, Kangra, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Atal Sood Department of Pharmacology, Dr. R.P.G.M.C, Kangra, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Dinesh Kansal Department of Pharmacology, Dr. R.P.G.M.C, Kangra, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Mukul Kumar Department of Cardiology, Dr. R.P.G.M.C, Kangra, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Ambudhar Sharma Department of Cardiology, Dr. R.P.G.M.C, Kangra, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Sushma Sawaraj Department of Pharmacology, Dr. R.P.G.M.C, Kangra, Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20231895

Keywords:

Sacubitril, Valsartan, Ramipril, ACS, LVEF

Abstract

Background: Ramipril and sacubitril/valsartan are used in the management of ACS patients with left ventricle systolic dysfunction. The objective of the study was to compare ramipril and sacubitril/valsartan in improving LVEF in post ACS patients with LVEF <40%.

Methods: A randomized, prospective, open label, comparative study was carried out in department of pharmacology and cardiology at Dr. R. P. G. M. C. Kangra at Tanda, Himachal Pradesh. The study was carried for a period of one and a half year. Out of 80 patients, 38 patients were in ramipril group and 42 were in sacubitril/valsartan group. Data was presented as mean±SD, frequency and percentage. Student’s t test and chi square test were used and p value<0.05 was considered significant.

Results: In both the groups, a statistically significant improvement was observed in terms of improvement in LVEF at 6th month when compared to baseline, however, at 6th month both the groups were comparable in terms of LVEF improvement with p value of 0.275.

Conclusions: The study concluded that both the drugs have same efficacy in improving LVEF in post ACS patients at 6th month.

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Published

2023-06-27

How to Cite

Sharma, G., Sood, A., Kansal , D., Kumar, M., Sharma, A., & Sawaraj , S. (2023). A randomized controlled trial to compare ramipril and sacubitril/valsartan in post-acute coronary syndrome patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction in terms of improvement in ejection fraction. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 12(4), 579–586. https://doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20231895

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Original Research Articles