A study on the contents of prescription of the in-patients of a tertiary care hospital, Manipur


  • Neerajkumar S. Manohar Department of Pharmacology, Shija Academy of Health Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India
  • Thangjam R. Chanu Department of Microbiology, Shija Academy of Health Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India
  • Oinam J. Singh Department of Pharmacology, Shija Academy of Health Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India






Background: Appropriate medications are the backbone for effective control of infections and diseases. Objective of the study was to analyse the prescriptions relating to national list of essential medicines (NLEM) of a tertiary care hospital.

Methods: Data was collected from 525 case sheets of the surgical in-patients for a period of 1 year which included total number of drugs prescribed, single (NLEM/non-NLEM) drugs, fixed dose combinations (NLEM/non-NLEM) drugs, most common drugs (NLEM/non-NLEM), route of administration, ADR/ADE and herbal drugs. Descriptive statistics was used for analysis of the data.

Results: The total number of drugs observed in the case sheets was 2575. Out of the total drugs, 1942 drugs (75.4%) were from the list of NLEM (2022) while 633(24.6%) drugs were of non-NLEM. 266 drugs (10.33%) were generic drugs and 2309 drugs (89.67%) were proprietary drugs. The total number of single drug was 1839 (NLEM, 1805 + non-NLEM, 34) and that of the total FDC was 736 (NLEM, 137 + non-NLEM, 599). The most common drugs which were prescribed were analgesics: paracetamol 517 (NLEM); diclofenac supp.14 (non-NLEM), antibiotics: ceftriaxone 258 (NLEM, 14.5%), cefpodoxime proxetil 3 (non-NLEM, 8.9%), antihypertensive: telmisartan 13 (NLEM, 0.7%), non-NLEM nil, anti-diabetics: metformin 15 (NLEM, 0.8%), dapagliflozin 6 (non-NLEM, 16.7%), and gastroprotective drugs: pantoprazole 493 (NLEM, 27%), non-NLEM nil.

Conclusions: Non-NLEM drugs should be prescribed only when there is definite advantages of the same over the NLEM drugs. Prescription of proprietary FDC drugs, factors for non-availability and under-prescription of NLEM drugs should be highlighted through CME coupled with awareness about the aim and objectives of the NLEM during clinical practice to the prescribers.


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How to Cite

Manohar, N. S., Chanu, T. R., & Singh, O. J. (2023). A study on the contents of prescription of the in-patients of a tertiary care hospital, Manipur. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 12(3), 362–367. https://doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20231068



Original Research Articles