General population perceptions and attitudes toward COVID-19 booster vaccinations and the mask mandate as we approach the end of 2022: a pan India online survey




COVID-19, Vaccine, Survey, India, Hesitancy


Background: The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) exploded into a global pandemic, killing over 6.5 million people and forever changing the world. While many developed countries are well into their vaccination campaigns, India outperformed global expectations by providing over 2 billion doses to its citizens and assisting other countries worldwide. Following the emergence of various covid variants, it is critical to comprehend the willingness of Indians to receive additional doses of the newer generation of covid vaccination, as well as the fatigue associated with maintaining the most essential covid appropriate behaviour, masking. This study aimed to determine general public attitudes and perceptions of the COVID-19 vaccine in India.

Method: A pan-India cross-sectional analysis was conducted at RUHS college of medical sciences, Jaipur, between October 20, 2022, and December 15, 2022. Through web-based links, a self-administered and semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data.

Results: Of the total responses received (n=391), 55.6% were males, and 43.8% were females. 63.2% have received two doses of the vaccine, while 33.8% have received three doses. 50.9% of respondents were willing to take the fourth dose of the vaccine, 20.5% were utterly unwilling, and 28.6% were undecided. 10.7% of our respondents were utterly reluctant to wear masks, whereas 26.6% always did.

Conclusions: Based on the findings, vaccination acceptance in India remains high with 50.9% of applicants willing to take the fourth dose. Furthermore, the pandemic has resulted in the incorporation of face masks into our lifestyles, with the majority of people using a face mask in at least one setting.


Corona virus infection. Available at: Accessed on 23 October 2022.

Kashte S, Gulbake A, El-Amin Iii SF, Gupta A. COVID-19 vaccines: rapid development, implications, challenges and future prospects. Hum Cell. 2021; 34(3):711-733.

Shaheed R, Acharya S, Shukla S, Kesarwani M, Acharya N. Psychological aspects of COVID-19 vaccine in Indian population. Are we still hesitant? J Family Med Prim Care. 2022;11(8):4280-5.

Kishore J, Venkatesh U, Ghai G, Heena, Kumar P. Perception and attitude towards COVID-19 vaccination: A preliminary online survey from India. J Family Med Prim Care. 2021;10(8):3116-21.

Khamis F, Badahdah A, Al Mahyijari N, Al Lawati F, Al Noamani J, Al Salmi I, et al. Attitudes Towards COVID-19 vaccine: a survey of health care workers in Oman. J Epidemiol Glob Health. 2022;3;12(1):1-6

Aggarwal OP. Bayes and minimax procedures in sampling from finite and infinite populations-I. Ann Math Stat. 1959;30(1):206-18.

Hu B, Huang S, Yin L. The cytokine storm and COVID-19. J Med Virol. 2021;93(1):250-6.

Al-Mohaithef M, Padhi BK. Determinants of COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance in Saudi Arabia: A Web-Based National Survey. J Multidis Healthcare. 2020;13:1657-63.

Vellappally S, Naik S, Alsadon O, Al-Kheraif AA, Alayadi H, Alsiwat AJ, et al. Perception of COVID-19 Booster Dose Vaccine among Healthcare Workers in India and Saudi Arabia. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022;19(15):8942.

Kouzy R, Abi Jaoude J, Kraitem A. Coronavirus Goes Viral: Quantifying the COVID-19 Misinformation Epidemic on Twitter. Cureus. 2006;12(3):e7255.

Umakanthan S, Patil S, Subramaniam N, Sharma R. COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy and Resistance in India Explored through a Population-Based Longitudinal Survey. Vaccines. 2021;9(10):1064.

Chandani S, Jani D, Sahu P, Kataria U, Suryawanshi S, Khubchandani J, et al. COVID-19 vaccination hesitancy in India: State of the nation and priorities for research. Brain Behav Immune Health. 2021;18:232-8.

COVID-19. Available at: https://www.ideasforindia. in/topics/human-development/covid-19-vaccine-hesitancy-trends-across-states-over-time.html. Accessed on 20 November 2021.

Michie S, West R, Harvey N. The concept of fatigue in tackling COVID-19. BMJ. 2020;371:m4171.

Danabal KGM, Magesh SS, Saravanan S, Gopichandran V. Attitude towards COVID 19 vaccines and vaccine hesitancy in urban and rural communities in Tamil Nadu, India a community based survey. BMC Health Serv Res. 2021;21(1):994.




How to Cite

Pareek, V., Sharma, L., Bansal, A., Jakhar, P., Kumar, S., & Rathore, R. S. (2023). General population perceptions and attitudes toward COVID-19 booster vaccinations and the mask mandate as we approach the end of 2022: a pan India online survey. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 12(2), 222–226.



Original Research Articles