Celastrus paniculatus and memantine prevent alcohol dependence and improve decision making in alcohol dependent C57BL6 mice

Authors

  • S. G. Pooja Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seth G. S. Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Sanket B. Raut Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seth G. S. Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Sandhya K. Kamat Seth GS Medical College & KEM Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, India
  • Sonali D. Satam Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seth G. S. Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Padmaja A. Marathe Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seth G. S. Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6686-9049
  • Nirmala N. Rege Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seth G. S. Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20230383

Keywords:

Alcoholism, Naltrexone, NMDA, Celastrus oil, Iowa gambling task, Intermittent access model

Abstract

Background: Alcohol use disorder poses a huge burden with only a handful of approved drugs. AUD is associated with impaired decision-making that leads to compulsive drinking despite negative consequences. A drug that decreases alcohol consumption as well as improves decision-making may thus prove more useful. This study was planned to evaluate the effect of two drugs, Celastrus paniculatus and memantine on alcohol preference and decision impairment in alcohol-dependent mice.

Methods: In part 1, the effect of both the study drugs on alcohol consumption was studied using intermittent access model in 70 male C57BL6 mice. In part 2, effect of drugs on decision making was studied using the rodent version of Iowa gambling task. Mice were divided in seven study groups: Group 1-3: Celastrus paniculatus (140, 280, and 560 mg/kg), Group 4: memantine (25 mg/kg), Group 5: vehicle control 1 (Milk), Group 6: vehicle control 2 (normal saline) and Group 7: naltrexone(1mg/kg).

Results: Percentage alcohol preference was lower in test groups i.e., Celastrus paniculatus at medium (40.90±15.18%) and high doses (31.79±7.46%) vs. milk (82.74±8.53%; p<0.05); and in memantine group (36.28±10.99%) vs. normal saline (83.27±5.51%; p<0.05). The results were not significantly different to Naltrexone (19.70±6.90%). Percentage preference to disadvantageous arms was also lower in Celastrus paniculatus, at medium (50.52±1.92%) and high doses (48.11±2.43%) compared to milk (54.47±2.73%; p<0.05) and memantine (47.45±1.67%) compared to normal saline (54.00±2.73%; p<0.05), indicating better decision-making ability in the test groups. The findings were comparable to Naltrexone group (45.43±2.52%).

Conclusions: These results indicate that Celastrus paniculatus and memantine reduce alcohol consumption and improve decision making in alcohol-dependent mice.

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Published

2023-02-22

How to Cite

Pooja, S. G., Raut, S. B., Kamat, S. K., Satam, S. D., Marathe, P. A., & Rege, N. N. (2023). Celastrus paniculatus and memantine prevent alcohol dependence and improve decision making in alcohol dependent C57BL6 mice. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 12(2), 178–185. https://doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20230383

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Original Research Articles