A study on the effectiveness of nicotine and counselling in tobacoo smoking cessation
Keywords:Counselling, Nicotine gums, Smoking cessation
Background: Effectiveness of pharmacotherapy and counselling has been suggested by various research workers in smoking cessation, but studies show variable results with pharmacotherapy. Also efficacy of counselling and pharmacological intervention differs from centre to centre. So we conducted this study, to observe the role of counselling and nicotine gums in our setup.
Methods: 86 smokers willing to quit smoking were enrolled. Baseline counselling was provided at the time of enrolment, then at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months and at 6 months. Telephonic counselling was given to those who did not come for face to face counselling. Nicotine gums were prescribed for 3 months duration. At the end of 12 months, follow up outcome was measured.
Results: At 1 week 24% smokers, at 1 month 23%, at 3 months 12% and at 6 months 33% smokers attended face to face counselling session. At 1 week 66%, at 1 month 57%, at 3 months 63% and at 6 months 59% smokers received telephonic counselling. Nicotine gums were used by only 76% smokers. Out of those who used nicotine gums, only 3% used gums for 3 months duration and 97% stopped prematurely. Among those who used gums, 29% experienced side effects. Total 22 (26%) smokers stopped smoking at 12 months.
Conclusions: Less number of smokers coming for follow up counselling visits, suggest lack of motivation. Alternative counselling, like telephonic counselling, was much more accepted and was found to be helpful. Acceptance of nicotine gums was very less which also shows the lack of motivation. Abstinence rate of 26% shows that counselling and nicotine gums help in quitting smoking.
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