Drug utilisation evaluation in patients with osteoarthritis in tertiary care hospital

Abdul Rasheed, Mohammed Muneebullah, Mohammed Maqsood, Arbaz Ahmed Khan, Mohamed Ahmed


Background: The principle aim of our study is to assess the prescribing pattern of drugs used in treatment of osteoarthritis patients.

Methods: A prospective and empirical study was carried out at department of orthopaedics-Shadan teaching and general hospital, for 6 months.

Results: During the study period, a total 120 patients were enrolled, of which 57% were females, 43% were males and common age group was ≥60 years. It was found that 56% of OA patient have history of trauma and 62% of obese individual contribute to occurrence of OA. It was found that subjects developed comorbidities like CV disorders which is 36%. It was found that 63% have OA for a duration of >2 years, 56% had no knowledge about their medications, 59% have co-morbidity, 61% have treatment complexity. NSAID’s, calcium, vitamin D3, glucosamine and chondroitin sulphate were the most frequently prescribed drugs in OA accounting for 50%. It was reported that 55% were adherent to OA medication, adherence to physical activity was 64%, adherence to weight loss was 62%.

Conclusions: Our study manifest that majority of the patients had duration of >2 years of OA. The reasons for the uncontrolled pain was due to absence of awareness about osteoarthritis-related difficulties, drugs, low calcium diet, increased stress, obesity, and advanced age. Continuous health education, patient counselling, information about medication adherence and satisfaction at follow-ups is essential to avoid the problems.


Osteoarthritis, Drug utilization study, NSAID’s, Clinical pharmacist

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