Published: 2021-01-25

Antifertility effect of curcumin, an indigenous medicine in rats

R. N. Maiti, U. K. Roy, Subhayan Das, A. K. Das


Background: Curcumin is an active constituent, obtained from rhizome of Curcuma longa linn, known to have broad medicinal properties, was studied for its effect on fertility in female rats. Curcumin has anti-ovulatory effect probably by its antiestrogenic activity through suppression of negative feedback of estrogen on pituitary.

Methods: Inbred Charles Foster female albino rats (150-180 gm) were used for study. They were divided into different groups and treated with curcumin (25 mg/kg. and 50 mg/kg body weight) as per schedule. The antigonadotropic, antiestrogenic, anti-implantation and abortifacient effect on curcumin treated albino rats were demonstrated.

Results: The results showed significant reduction in the number of implants and size of litters in curcumin treated rats compared to normal control group. The results were compared with Tamoxifen (10mg/ kg bodyweight) a known antifertility drug, which further substantiated the antifertility effects of curcumin.

Conclusions: The results indicated the ways in which curcumin exerts antifertility effects and thus can play a vital role in fertility control.


Curcuma longa linn, Antifertility effect, Indigenous medicine

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