Impact of educational intervention on medication adherence, quality of life, knowledge attitude and practice among benign prostate hyperplasia patients: a prospective study
Keywords:Benign prostate hyperplasia, International prostate symptom score, Morisky green levin, Adherence, Knowledge, Attitude and practice
Background: Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is one of the common bothersome diseases among elderly men of age greater than 50 years. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of patient counselling on quality of life (QoL), knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) and medication adherence among patients.
Methods: A Prospective study was conducted in a total of 110 BPH patients from the department of urology for a period of 6 months. 55 patients in each group received silodosin 8 mg or tamsulosin 0.4 mg once daily. Data was collected by using a suitably designed proforma, international prostate symptom score (IPSS) and BPH impact index were used for assessing QoL, morisky green levin scale for medication adherence and a suitably designed KAP questionnaire for assessing KAP. Patients were counselled regarding the disease, drugs and lifestyle modifications using patient information leaflet.
Results: The current study found that both the Tamsulosin and Silodosin group had an improvement on QoL, IPSS Q 8 by 36% and 41.5% respectively and improvement on BII by 35.5% and 47.3% respectively. Medication adherence had significant improvement from first to second review by 12%. Significant improvement in knowledge by 80.1%, attitude by 72.7% and practice by 79.2% were observed.
Conclusions: The provision of effective counselling was found to have a profound impact on improving patient’s quality of life, medication adherence, knowledge, attitude and practice.
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