DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20204094

A clinical study of uropathogens causing urinary tract infection in children and adolescents in a tertiary care hospital

R. Abisha Rezia, R. Vijendra, Anjana Gopi

Abstract


Background: Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is one of the common infections in children. Incidence varies with age, race and gender. UTIs have become difficult to treat due to development of resistance among uropathogens. Regional data regarding the common uropathogens and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern is required to guide the clinicians to start empirical therapy while treating UTIs.

Aims: This study is aimed to study the profile of uropathogens causing UTI in children and adolescents, assess their antimicrobial susceptibility, the clinical course and outcome.

Methods: All subjects with suspected UTI whose urine samples grew a positive culture of uropathogens were included in this prospective observational study. The study was done in the Department of Microbiology from July 2019 to December 2019. The urine samples were processed by standard methods (using 5% sheep blood agar and MacConkey agar) and antimicrobial susceptibility was performed using the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion method. The details of the pathogens grown, and their antimicrobial sensitivity and resistance patterns were recorded, and the subjects were followed up during their course in the hospital.

Results: A total of 109 urine samples from paediatric and adolescent subjects showed positive cultures (97.32%). UTI was common among toddlers (46.7%). E. coli contributed to 40.3% of the cases, followed by Enterococcus and Klebsiella pneumonaie. E. coli was resistant to amoxicillin + clavulanic acid, cephalosporins and ciprofloxacin. The organisms were sensitive to meropenem, amikacin and piperacillin + tazobactam.

Conclusion: Incidence of UTI and the uropathogens causing UTI varies with age. Different uropathogens and their resistance to commonly used antimicrobials is a concern for future treatment options in UTI.


Keywords


Urinary tract infection, Children, Adolescents, Antimicrobial drug resistance

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