Evaluation of knowledge, attitude and practice about research ethics and research ethics committee among post graduate residents in a tertiary care hospital in Pune, Maharashtra, India

Jyoti B. Gadhade, Rajesh S. Hiray, Mukthambika Balaraj


Background: A research ethics committee (REC) is a body responsible for ensuring that medical experimentation and human research are carried out in an ethical manner in accordance with national and international law. It is mandatory that all the research projects should be approved by EC before commencement. Recently Medical council of India has introduced mandatory online research methodology module consisting of assignments followed by mandatory exam.

Methods: A cross-sectional study using a self-administered, validated questionnaire was administered among PG residents of a tertiary care hospital in Pune having a functional ethics committee was conducted for 3 months. Number of correct and incorrect responses were noted and calculated in percentage.

Results: Total of 125 residents were enrolled and 119 subjects responded. The response rate was 95.2%. The respondents included 59.66% clinical and 40.33% nonclinical post graduate residents. 87.39% knew the role of IEC. 95.79% said informed consent should be mandatory document. 98.31% were aware about the institutional ethics committee (IEC) in the institution. 84.87% think EC and research ethics should be taught as a mandatory PG module.

Conclusions: Authors conclude that among the clinical and non-clinical postgraduates participating in study, there is acceptance of IECs and training in research ethics, while there are knowledge gaps in research ethics guidelines and composition of IEC. The updated MCI curriculum imbibes research curriculum but should focus on details about ethics in biomedical research. It can be initiated by workshop/awareness programmes compulsory for UG and PG students.


Ethics committee, Research ethics, Research ethics committee

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