A review of pharmacological effects of xylopic acid

Elizabeth N. Oge, Ernest Obese, Robert P. Biney, Emmanuel Adakudugu, Mary Agbenyeku, Silas A. Osei, Maria B. Cassera, Ana Lisa Valenciano, Emilio F. Merino, Johnson N. Boampong, Eric Woode, Madison Adanusa, Elvis O. Ameyaw


Xylopic acid (15β-acetyloxy-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid) is a kaurene diterpene that can be obtained from various Xylopia spp. Xylopic acid has demonstrated several pharmacological activities in vitro and in vivo. The compound has shown promising effect as a potent analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic agent. Xylopic acid is a CNS depressant and was able to ameliorate anxiety-like symptoms in mice in addition to its neuroprotective effects. Deleterious effects of xylopic acid on the reproductive system of mice have been well documented but extensive toxicity study detailing effect of the acid upon chronic exposure needs to be determined. Due to the heavy consumption of X. aethiopica fruits, it is recommended that the pharmacokinetics of xylopic acid be determined to ascertain the possible food-drug interaction that may occur when conventional drugs are taken together with foods containing xylopic acid.


Xylopic acid, Pain, Inflammation, CNS disorders, Infections, Xylopia aethiopica

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