Prescribing pattern of nutraceuticals in pediatric outpatient department at tertiary care teaching hospital
Keywords:Dietary supplements, Drug utilization study, Nutraceuticals
Background: Nutraceuticals use is increasing in a health-conscious society. Because of varying lifestyle diseases, people have changed their outlook towards nutraceuticals. The objective of the study was to study the prescription pattern of nutraceuticals by doctors in paediatric outpatient department of government medical college and hospital, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India.
Methods: This study was done between November 2018 to March 2019. Total of 156 patients were included in the study after obtaining written informed consent from parents of patients. The data was gathered, analysed and results were concluded.
Results: Total 156 patients were prescribed nutraceuticals in paediatric outpatient department of which 51.92% female patients and 48.78% male patients received nutraceuticals. In this study, 62% patients received vitamins and 38% patients received vitamins and minerals. 67.31% patient receiving nutraceuticals were above the age of 6 years and 32.69% patients were under the age of 6 years. Among patients receiving nutraceuticals, B complex was received 55.77%. After that calcium lactate + vitamin D tablet were prescribed 21.80%. Ferrous sulfate + folic acid was received by 8.33% patients. Calcium carbonate + vitamin D3 were received by 7.69% patients. Folic acid tablet was received by 5.13% patients and poly-vitamin tablet by 1.28% patients. 100% prescriptions were prescribed in generic names.
Conclusions: Nutraceuticals are being increasingly perceived as beneficial to health and are being continuously used in the treatment. The future of nutraceuticals is bright and can transform healthcare in a developing country like India.
Gosavi S, Subramanian M, Reddy R, Shet BL. A Study of prescription pattern of neutraceuticals, knowledge of the patients and cost in a tertiary care hospital. J Clin Diag Res. 2016;10(4):2014-7.
Bhowmik D, Gopinath H, Kumar BP, Duraivel S, Kumar KPS. Nutraceutical - a bright scope and opportunity of Indian healthcare market. The Pharma J. 2013;1:29-41.
Rajasekaran A, Xavier R. Nutraceuticals as therapeutic agents: a review. Res J Pharm Tech. 2015;1:320-30.
Osarenmwinda IM, Erah PO. Prescribing trend of vitamins and other dietary supplements in tertiary health facility in Benin City. J Sci Pract Pharma. 2015;2:2-7.
Zaman TU, Adetunji H, Fadil E, Salih M, Salih M. Nutraceuticals: a slow transition from preventive to curative healthcare and the perceptions among physicians and patients-a study of south Delhi in India. Int J Pharma Sci Res. 2017;8(7):3-8.
Chiba T, Sato Y, Nakanishi T, Yokotani K, Suzuki S, Umegaki K. Inappropriate usage of dietary supplements in patients by miscommunication with physicians in Japan. Nutr. 2014;6:5392-4.
Kumari M, Jain S, Singh J. Research paper nutraceutical-medicine of future. J Global Bios. 2015;4(7):2790-4.
Radhika PR, Brij R, Singh M, Sivakumar T. nutraceuticals:an area of tremoundous scope. Int J Res Ayurveda Pharma. 2011;2(2):410-5.
Dureja H, Kaushik D. Development in nutraceuticals. Indian J Pharmacol. 2014;35:363-72.
Pandey M, Saraf SA. Nutraceuticals: new era of medicine and health. Asian J Pharma Clin Res. 2014;3:11-5.
Ahad T, Nissar J, Rather AH. Nutraceuticals-health benefits: a review. Int J Engineer Technol Sci Res. 2017;4(12):262-7.
Das L, Bhaumik E, Raychaudhuri U. Role of nutraceuticals in human health. J Food Sci Technol. 2012;49:173-83.
Radimer K, Bindewald B, Hughes J, Ervin B, Picciano MF. Dietary supplement use by US adults: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2000. Am J Epidemiol. 2004;160(4):339-49.
Patil CS. Current trends and future prospective of nutraceuticals in health promotion. Bioinfo Pharma Biotechnol. 2011;1(1):1-7.