Gentamicin and amikacin adversely affect male infertility indicated by pharmacological, andrological and pathological evidence


  • Hozaifa K. Elsawah Department of Pharmacology, Benha University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Moshtohor, Qalyoubia, Egypt
  • Mohamed M. Kandiel Department of Theriogenology, Benha University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Moshtohor, Qalyoubia, Egypt
  • Aziza A. Amin Department of Pathology, Benha University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Moshtohor, Qalyoubia, Egypt
  • Haitham M. Mokhimar Department of Pharmacology, Benha University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Moshtohor, Qalyoubia, Egypt
  • AbuBakr M. El Mahmoudy Department of Pharmacology, Benha University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Moshtohor, Qalyoubia, Egypt



Gentamicin, Amikacin, Hormone, Testis, Sperm, Reproduction


Background: Many drugs are implicated in male infertility and screening for medication history is an important for diagnosis and treatment of the problem. The aim is to study amikacin effect on male reproductive system in comparison to gentamicin.

Methods: Twenty-five male wister rats weighted 220±20 gm and aged 8 weeks were randomly divided into five groups of five. The first group received gentamicin in dose 18.25 mg/kg/day once daily (OD) (therapeutic dose). The second group received gentamicin with double dose of the first group. The third group received amikacin in dose 54.75 mg/kg/day OD (therapeutic dose). The Fourth group received amikacin with double dose of the third group. However, the fifth group served as a control and received normal saline (NS) OD. All treatments were administered intraperitoneally (IP) for 14 days. On the 15th day, blood samples and reproductive organs were obtained from all animals. Testicular tissues were prepared for genetic testing and chemical and microscopical examination.

Results: Amikacin and gentamicin negatively affected reproductive organs weights, sperm parameters, serum follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone (LH) level relative to control (p<0.05). However, serum testosterone level was only affected with gentamicin (p<0.05). A significant difference between gentamicin and amikacin was found in sperm count, testis and epididymis weights and serum testosterone and LH level (p<0.05). Testicular histopathological changes were also found with the two drugs with different degrees. Effects of both gentamicin and amikacin were dose-dependent.

Conclusions: Both gentamicin and amikacin adversely affect andrological function that should be monitored and controlled during application of these drugs.


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How to Cite

Elsawah, H. K., Kandiel, M. M., Amin, A. A., Mokhimar, H. M., & El Mahmoudy, A. M. (2020). Gentamicin and amikacin adversely affect male infertility indicated by pharmacological, andrological and pathological evidence. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 9(2), 218–225.



Original Research Articles