DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20161536

A comparative study of knowledge,attitude and practice of self-medication among medical and para medical students in a medical college,Mangaluru,Karnataka, India

Pooja Mapala, Rajendra Holla, Swathi Acharya, Tittu Zachariah, Puneeth Aipanjiguly

Abstract


Background: Self-medication is defined as use of medicines without a doctor’s prescription and is frequently practiced among students in professional colleges. The purpose of this study was to compare the knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among second year medical and paramedical students in K. S Hegde Medical Academy, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India.

Methods: A prospective, observational, questionnaire based study conducted where two groups of students, Medical and Paramedical were interviewed with a prevalidated questionnaire. Demographic data and questions regarding knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication were included. Details and purpose of the study was explained to the students. The collected data was analysed statistically and the comparison between the two groups was done.

Results: Total 247 students were involved in the study, group I consisting of 135 medical students and group II consisting of 112 paramedical students. All the students have practiced self-medication, however only 47.3% students agree with the practice. Accordingly, there are significant differences among the two groups in terms of reasons to choose self-medication and awareness about generic and brand names of drugs. Knowledge and practice about use of a particular drug for a particular condition was not balanced among the two groups.

Conclusions: Self-medication is a common form of health care with potential benefits and hazards. Hence, it is very important to increase the awareness about the advantages and disadvantages of self-medication in medical college students to improve their knowledge, attitudes and practices of self-medication and eventually to increase the awareness in the society.


Keywords


Self-medication,Questionnaire,Knowledge,Attitude,Practice

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ali S, Sharma S, Ahmed T, Sharma R, Jaiswal M, Chaurasia R. Evaluation of self-medication amongst nursing students of bastar region: a questionnaire based study. International Journal of Pharmacological Research. 2015;5(6):145-49.

Bennadi D. Self-medication: a current challenge. J Basic Clin Pharma. 2014;5(1):19.

Kayalvizhi S, Sennapathi R. Evaluation of the perception, attitude and practice of self-medication among business students in 3 select cities, South India. International Journal of Enterprise and Innovation Management Studies (IJEIMS). 1(3):40-4.

Gutema GB, Gadisa DA, Kidanemariam ZA, Berhe DF, Berhe AH, Hadera MG, et al. Self-Medication practices among health sciences students: the case of Mekelle University. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science.2011;01(10):183-9.

Role of pharmacist in health care system. Available at http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/en/d/Jh2995e/. Accessed 27 November 2015.

Keshari S, Kesarwani P, Mishra M. Prevalence and pattern of self-medication practices in rural area of Barabanki. Indian Journal of Clinical Practice. 2014;25(7):636-9.

Sontakke SD, Bajait CS, Pimpalkhute SA, Jaiswal KM, Jaiswal SR. Comparative study of evaluation of self-medication practices in first and third year medical students. Int J Biol Med Res. 2011;2(2):561-4.

WHO guidelines for the regulatory assessment of medicinal products for use in self-medication. 2000 Available at www.who.int/medicines/library/qsm/whoedm-qsm-2000- 1/who-edm-qsm-00_1.htm. Accessed 27 November 2015.

Sawhney V, Bhat M, Singh Z. A descriptive study of prevalence, pattern and attitude of self-medication among second professional medical students in a tertiary care center. Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol. 2015;4(3):542-6.

Badiger S, Kundapur R, Jain A, Kumar A, Pattanshetty S, Thakolkaran N, et al. Self-medication patterns among medical students in South India. Australas Med J. 2012;5(4):217-20.

Shivamurthy S, Manchukonda R, Gurappanavar D. Evaluation of analgesic self-medication pattern among under-graduate medical students of Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, BG Nagar, Karnataka : a cross-sectional questionnaire-b. IJBCP International Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. 2015;4(3):438-41.

Sm A, Amelo W. Assessment of self-medication practices among medical, pharmacy, and health science students in Gondar University, J Young Pharm. 2010;2(3):306-10.

Abula T, Worku A. Self-medication in three towns of North West Ethiopia. Ethiop J Health Dev. 2001;15:25-30.

Philip PT, Senan A, Reji S, Kumar TRA. Assessment of self-medication practices among undergraduate medical and paramedical students: a case of rural medical schools of Tamil Nadu, India. 2015;4(10):1587-604.

Poudel PP, Saha A. Knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among basic science undergraduate medical students in a medical school in Western Nepal. J Clin Diagn Res. 2015;9(12):17-22.