A comparative study of the antibiotic utilization during the normal and caesarean section deliveries at Jawaharlal Nehru institute of medical sciences hospital, Imphal, Manipur, India

Joychandra Singh Oinam, Debashree Ningthoujam, Indira Raleng


Background: C section delivery is increasing with non-medical reasons with use of more antibiotics and long hospital stay.

Methods: The study is a record based retrospective study of the Bed Head Tickets of the discharged patients of C-section and normal deliveries for the duration of 94 days. Census method of sampling of data was followed. Data particularly drug utilisation pattern of the prescribed drugs like dosage form, route, frequency of administration and duration of delivery from those BHTs and discharge slip were collected in a predesigned and pretested proforma.

Results: The Normal delivery is less expensive with less use of antibiotics and short hospital stay and easy recovery to normal health.

Conclusions: Pregnancy is just a natural process (not a disease or a medical condition) and external intervention should occur only for sound medical conditions C section delivery cannot replace normal delivery in terms of low maternal mortality and neonatal morbidity and less cost. Prescribing antibiotics to mother of normal delivery may also be avoided if the complete sterilization process during and after the delivery is assured.


Caesarean section delivery, Normal vaginal delivery, Antibiotics, BHT

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