Published: 2019-06-24

Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice about dengue in factory workers of Jammu region, India

Roshi ., Sachin Sharma, Vishal R. Tandon, Brij Mohan Gupta


Background: Dengue, a mosquito borne, arboviral disease has become a major cause of health concern in the recent times throughout the world. In India, we have been witnessing annual outbreaks for the past few years and lack of knowledge about prevention and treatment of dengue among majority of the population leads to increased mortality. In spite of this fact, very few studies have been done to know about the knowledge of people regarding dengue fever and whether proper preventive measures are being practiced by the community to limit its spread. The objective of the study is to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) regarding dengue in factory workers in Jammu.

Methods: An observational study was conducted in a factory of Jammu to assess knowledge, attitude and practices of factory workers about dengue.

Results: Majority of workers had knowledge about dengue (92.56%), source (81.81%), nature of disease, symptoms, but complications were not known. Majority of the workers had no idea that laboratory test for dengue is not available in every laboratory.63.63% of the workers knew that papaya is useful in dengue. 74.38% of the workers knew that low platelet count is found in dengue. There were 82.64% of the workers told that they think dengue is curable and preventable. There were 54.54% of the workers told that dengue can be prevented by avoiding stagnation of water. 57.85% of the workers told that they are aware about the sprays used by govt. to kill mosquito.

Conclusions: There is a need to bring awareness about dengue, prevention and treatment as it is a prevalent disease now.


Dengue, Factory workers, Knowledge attitude practice

Full Text:



Mustafa MS, Rasotgi V, Jain S, Gupta V. Discovery of fifth serotype of dengue virus (DENV-5): a new public health dilemma in dengue control. Med J Armed Forces India. 2015;71(1):67-70.

Chakravarti A, Arora R, Luxemburger C. Fifty years of dengue in India. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2012;106(5):273-82.

Ramakrishnan SP, Gelfand HM, Bose PN, Sehgal PN, Mukherjee RN. The epidemic of acute haemorrhagic fever, Calcutta, 1963; epidemiological inquiry. Indian J Med Res. 1964;52:633-50.

Chaturvedi UC, Nagar R. Dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever: Indian perspective. J Biosci. 2008;33(4):429-44.

Gubler DJ. Dengue and dengue Hemorrhagic fever. Clin Microbiol Rev. 1998;11(3):480-96.

World Health Organization, Special Programme for Research, Training in Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization. Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases, World Health Organization. Epidemic, Pandemic Alert. Dengue: guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control. World Health Organization; 2009. Available at:

Guzman MG, Halstead SB, Artsob H, Buchy P, Farrar J, Gubler DJ, et al. Dengue: A continuing global threat. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2010;8(Suppl):S7-16.

WHO. Global strategy for dengue prevention and control, 2012–2020. Geneva: WHO Press; 2012. Available at:

Gupta P, Kumar P, Aggarwal OP. Knowledge, attitude and practices related to dengue in rural and slum areas of Delhi after the dengue epidemic of 1996. J Commun Dis. 1998;30(2):107-12.

Peters CJ. Infections caused by arthropod and rodent borne viruses. In: Longo DL, eds. Harrison's Principal of Internal Medicine. 18th Ed. New York: Mc Graw-Hill; 2012: 1164.

Matta S, Bhalla S, Singh D, Rasania SK, Singh S. Knowledge, attitude & practice (KAP) on dengue fever: a hospital based study. Indian J Comm Med. 2006;31(3):185-6.

Chinnakali P, Gurnani N, Upadhyay RP, Parmar K, Suri TM, Yadav K. High level of awareness but poor practices regarding dengue fever control: a cross sectional study from North India. N Am J Med Sci. 2012;4(6):278-82.

Malhotra V, Kaur P. The community knowledge, attitude and practices regarding dengue fever infield practice area of urban training health centre of Patiala. Int J Res Dev Health. 2014;2(1):19-26.

Jogdand KS, Yerpude P. The Community knowledge and practices regarding dengue fever in an urban slum area of south India. Peoples J. 2013;6(1):13-5.

Taksande A, Lakhkar B. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of Dengue Fever in the Rural Area of Central India. Shiraz E Med J. 2012;13(4):146-57.

Mohapatra S, Aslami AN. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding dengue fever among general patients of a rural tertiary-care hospital in Sasaram, Bihar. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3(2):586-91.