Clinical challenges with excipients in insulin formulations and role of concentrated insulin


  • K. D. Modi Department of Endocrinology, Care Hospital, Nampally, Hyderabad, India
  • Pradeep V. Gadge Department of Diabetology, Dr. Gadge’s Diabetes Care Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Pradeep Jain Department of Medicine, Kashi Ganga Nursing Home, Varanasi, India
  • Sudhir Pawar Department of Pharmacology, LTMMC and GH, Sion, Mumbai, India
  • Ruchi D. Shah Department of Medical Affairs, Wockhardt Ltd., Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Shahu A. Ingole Department of Medical Affairs, Wockhardt Ltd., Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
  • Rishi Jain Department of Medical Affairs, Wockhardt Ltd., Mumbai, Maharashtra, India



Concentrated insulin, Excipients, Insulin, Meta-cresol, Preservatives


Most of the insulin formulations in clinical use contain phenol, meta-cresol or both as excipients. These excipients in insulin preparations provide stability and have antimicrobial properties. However, they are reported to be associated with undesirable side-effects especially localised allergic reactions. Amount of excipients injected per unit dose of insulin is a major determining factor in causation of these reactions. This review discusses the excipients in different insulin formulations available in India with potential of precipitating undesirable effects and the use of concentrated insulins to reduce these complications. To avoid the detrimental effects associated with excipients, removal of preservatives or use of insulin preparations devoid of excipients can be an option. Besides these approaches, one approach that can be considered is the use of concentrated insulin to reduce the volume of insulin dose and thereby the excipients. Concentrated insulins address the high insulin requirements of the growing population of patients with type 2 diabetes who require higher insulin doses. Concentrated insulins help in reduction of dose volume as well as amount of excipients injected per unit dose of insulin. U200 (concentrated r-DNA Human Insulin Premix 30/70-200 IU/ml) can be advantageous with better absorption from smaller quantity injected, lesser variability in absorption, lesser pain and discomfort due to smaller quantity, lesser chances of hypoglycaemia all of which can lead to better patient compliance. Thus, concentrated insulin U200 can be one of the alternatives to prevent/reduce clinical complications with excipients in insulins.


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How to Cite

Modi, K. D., Gadge, P. V., Jain, P., Pawar, S., Shah, R. D., Ingole, S. A., & Jain, R. (2019). Clinical challenges with excipients in insulin formulations and role of concentrated insulin. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 8(4), 821–826.



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