Treatment options for the specific phobias


  • Jarnail Singh Department of Pharmacology, Pt. BD Sharma University of health sciences, Rohtak, India
  • Janardhan Singh Department of Pharmacology, Pt. BD Sharma University of health sciences, Rohtak, India



Specific phobia, Exposure-based therapy, DCS, Glucocorticoids


Specific phobias are among the most common psychological problems both in men and women. For treatment of specific phobias, exposure-based therapy is the first choice followed by cognitive therapy, relaxation techniques and short-term pharmacotherapy. Long-term pharmacotherapy for specific phobias, is associated with adverse drug reactions and drug abuse, thus not a reasonable choice for long-term symptom control. Glucocorticoids and d-cycloserine (DCS) cause fear reduction when used in combination with exposure based therapy. Being a non-anxiolytic DCS accelerates fear reduction during exposure by facilitating memory consolidation during post-treatment phase. Adjuvant cortisol to exposure therapy also caused great reduction in fear in spider phobia.


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How to Cite

Singh, J., & Singh, J. (2016). Treatment options for the specific phobias. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 5(3), 593–598.



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