Ocimum sanctum: a review on the pharmacological properties


  • Siva M. Department of Zoology, T.R.R. Government Degree College, Kandukur, Andra Pradesh, India
  • Shanmugam KR Division of Molecular Biology and Ethanopharmacology, Department of Zoology, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, India
  • Shanmugam B. Division of Molecular Biology and Ethanopharmacology, Department of Zoology, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, India
  • Venkata Subbaiah G. Division of Molecular Biology and Ethanopharmacology, Department of Zoology, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, India
  • Ravi S. Division of Molecular Biology and Ethanopharmacology, Department of Zoology, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, India
  • Sathyavelu Reddy K. Division of Molecular Biology and Ethanopharmacology, Department of Zoology, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, India
  • Mallikarjuna K Institute of Nutrition (16F), China Medical University, No.91, Hsueh-Shih Road North District, Taichung,Taiwan




Herbal medicine, Ocimum sanctum, Pharmacological properties


Herbal medicine, the backbone of traditional medicine in many countries have played an important role in curing the diseases of humans since ancient time. Medicinal plants are great source of bioactive compounds and chemical structures that have potential beneficial effects. The present review compiles information on ethnopharmacologically useful information and pharmacological properties of Ocimum sanctum. Ocimum sanctum (OS) has many medicinal properties like antioxidant, antidiabetic, antiulcer, anticancer, antibacterial, antifungal and other. The phytochemicals compounds of Ocimum, alkaloids, flavonoids, phenolics, essential oils, tannins and saponins play an important role in herbal medicine. Bioactive compounds of Ocimum responsible for its various medicinal properties and their effects at the molecular level need to be investigated in more detail. Furthermore, pharmacological properties of bioactive compounds in Ocimum sanctum are required to confirm the ethnomedicinal claims of Ocimum sanctum for pharmaceutical therapeutic applications.


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How to Cite

M., S., KR, S., B., S., G., V. S., S., R., K., S. R., & K, M. (2016). Ocimum sanctum: a review on the pharmacological properties. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 5(3), 558–565. https://doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20161491



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