A study on adverse drug reactions in patients on antiretroviral therapy in a tertiary care hospital


  • Praveena Gungam Department of Pharmacology, Osmania Medical College, Koti, Hyderabad, Telangana 500095, India
  • Y. Sunil Kumar Yadav Department of Pharmacology, Osmania Medical College, Koti, Hyderabad, Telangana 500095, India
  • Sunil Junapudi Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Geethanjali College of Pharmacy, Cherryal, Keesara, Medchal, Telangana 501301, India




Antiretroviral, Adverse drug reactions, Human immunodeficiency virus, Tertiary care


Background: Besides unparalleled advantages, exceptionally dynamic antiretroviral treatment is additionally connected with extensive variety of potential adverse drug reactions (ADRs), which prevents treatment adherence. The present study is intended to screen and monitor the event of ADRs to different antiretroviral treatment (ART) regimens in a tertiary care ART setup.

Methods: A prospective, longitudinal observational study was done in the outpatient setting of nodal ART center, Osmania General Hospital. A sum of 525 patients on different ART regimens were examined for ADRs more than year and a half. Adverse event history, prescription history and other significant subtle elements were captured. Causality and seriousness of each announced ADR were surveyed.

Results: 37.33% patients of aggregate members gave a sum of 330 ADRs. Patients from zidovudine-based regimens presented with majority of ADRs such as anemia, central nervous system (CNS), and gastrointestinal (GI) side effects. Tenofovir-based regimens were, be that as it may, observed to be somewhat more secure. The blend with Efavirenz was related with significant CNS reactions while that of Nevirapine was related with rash and pigmentation of nails. Atazanavir supported second-line regimens were quite connected with expanded serum lipid levels taken after by other GI and CNS unfavourable impacts. Expanded liver compounds were found in atazanavir-based second-line ART.

Conclusions: The study enables to obtain in sequence on the incidence and pattern of ADRs associated with various antiretroviral regimens, thereby reducing its occurrence and protecting the patient population from avoidable harm. Need of intensive monitoring for ADRs in ARTs along these lines is by all accounts an order.


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How to Cite

Gungam, P., Yadav, Y. S. K., & Junapudi, S. (2018). A study on adverse drug reactions in patients on antiretroviral therapy in a tertiary care hospital. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 7(10), 1882–1888. https://doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20183917



Original Research Articles