Knowledge, attitude and practice of haemovigilance amongst healthcare professionals in Nashik, Maharashtra, India
Keywords:Adverse transfusion reactions, ATR, Haemovigilance, Transfusion reaction reporting, Underreporting
Background: Haemovigilance Programme of India was launched in 2012 with the purpose to identify, analyse and learn the complications related to transfusion and blood donation, in order to avoid such complications in future. Though it is essential to identify the Adverse Transfusion Reactions (ATR) to reduce the incidence and make transfusion easier; there are rare reports available about knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of Healthcare Professionals (HCP) for haemovigilance.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, pre-validated questionnaire designed for assessing the KAP, the possible ways to improve transfusion reaction reporting and causes of underreporting were distributed among 220 Healthcare Professional (HCP) in Nashik, Maharashtra.
Results: The response rate of the study was 93%. Amongst them 58% HCP had poor knowledge while only 9% had good knowledge about haemovigilance. According to respondents, training to the HCP, CME’s, making reporting compulsory and launching of a toll-free helpline number will mark a milestone in improving transfusion reaction reporting. Legal liability issue and lack of time & knowledge were the main factors which discouraged them from reporting.
Conclusions: Overall, most of HCP in Nashik have a positive attitude towards transfusion reaction reporting but knowledge regarding the haemovigilance concept is poor and the majority of them never reported ATR. Hence, our study demands increased awareness and continued training to strengthen the haemovigilance system, especially ATR reporting.
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