Knowledge and perception towards pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions reporting among medical students at a teaching hospital in South India
Keywords:Adverse Drug Reactions, Attitude and Practice (KAP), Knowledge, Pharmacovigilance, PvPI
Background: Pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions monitoring has become an integral part to ensure patient safety. Targeting the younger doctors for sensitization towards pharmacovigilance is the key to ensure practice of ADR reporting in clinical practice. The objective of the study is to understand and assess the knowledge and perception of students towards pharmacovigilance and adverse drug reactions reporting.
Methods: The study included undergraduate medical students of second, pre-final and final years of Mysore Medical College. A validated and standardized KAP based questionnaire was distributed to all students. Willingness to answer and complete the questionnaire was considered as consent.
Results: The questions were statistically analysed individually and compared. Q1-Q10 compared knowledge towards pharmacovigilance, Q11-Q20 on the attitude and Q21-Q23 on the practice of ADR reporting. 325 questionnaires were distributed of which only 280 consented (second year - 114, pre-final - 98, final - 68). 112(49.1%), 137(69.9%) and 79(58.1%) of the three groups respectively knew what pharmacovigilance and ADR is. 79.8%, 76.5% and 75% knew who can report ADRs while 18.4%, 32.7% and 33.8% did not know what ADRs to report. 73(64.1%); 93(81.6%), 18(18.4%); 69(70.4%), 13(19.1%); 37(54.4%) knew the existence of AMC in the institute and the PvPI respectively. More than 92% agreed that ADR reporting is necessary. Majority (>90%) agreed that PV and ADR reporting should be taught to all health care students while 28%, 30% and 54% said that it was not well covered in their curriculum.73(64%), 51(52%) and 63(93%) were not familiar with the ADR reporting form.
Conclusions: Pharmacovigilance and ADR reporting needs to be made compulsory, have better, interesting ways to learn and understand it, so that the students can practice it with confidence in their clinical practice.
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