Mannequin-based simulation as an educational tool for learning injection techniques: medical students’ view points


  • Lavanya S. H. Department of Pharmacology, BGS Global Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
  • Kalpana L. Department of Pharmacology, BGS Global Institute of Medical Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India



Mannequins, Medical, Pharmacology, Perceptions, Simulation


Background: Mannequin-based training devices are simulation adjuncts that mimic reality in healthcare settings for acquiring basic procedural skills, without compromising patient safety. The current study aims to explore students’ perceptions of mannequin-based simulation as an educational tool and perceived changes in self-confidence by using a mixed-method research.

Methods: This questionnaire‑based study was conducted in 2nd year MBBS students. Pre-validated questionnaires measured the quantitative and qualitative aspects of simulation-training in-terms of their relevance as teaching–learning tool, perceived benefits of sessions, and their importance for future use. The study further attempted to note any perceived change in students’ confidence, measured before and after sessions. Chi-square and Fischer-exact test were computed for quantitative responses. Wilcoxon signed-rank test (two-tailed) was used to analyse students’ confidence rating before and after simulation. Categorical data were represented as frequencies and proportions.

Results: Overall, the sessions were well received by students. Over 90% of students agreed that simulation is a safe, enjoyable and feasible modality for acquiring basic clinical skills. Majority opined that sessions helped them integrate basic-life sciences and clinical concepts, improved attention span and urged inclusion in undergraduate curriculum. Students perceived significant improvements (p<0.001) in confidence post-training. Free-text responses were positive with students highlighting the need for simulation sessions and suggestions for improvement.

Conclusions: Most students consider mannequin-based learning as an essential tool to acquire procedural skills. By promoting active student engagement and impactful learning, simulations justify inclusion in medical curriculum for better patient safety.


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How to Cite

S. H., L., & L., K. (2018). Mannequin-based simulation as an educational tool for learning injection techniques: medical students’ view points. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 7(5), 882–887.



Original Research Articles