DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20175221

A study on the knowledge, attitude and practice of medical students of a tertiary care teaching hospital on occupational hazards faced by the health care professionals

Pradumna Pathak, Raktim Borgohain

Abstract


Background: Health care sector is clearly a high-risk sector for acquiring occupational hazards and have given rise to a debate on the need for a specific approach in order to improve the protection of the health and safety of hospital personnel. Many health care professionals in hospitals are exposed to significant occupational health hazards and consequently are at high risk of work-related diseases. This study aims to assess the knowledge, attitude, practice of medical students on occupational hazards faced by health care professionals.

Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 235 undergraduate medical students was conducted using a semi-structured questionnaire.

Results: All the respondents stated that they were aware of occupational hazard in their profession. 60% responded that biological hazards have maximum chance to occur at their working environment. 66.8% feared that occupational hazard can hamper their performance and 63.4% were of the view that animal simulation methods/manikins can minimize the risk of occupational hazard. 72.8% stated that clinical wards are the most likely place for occupational hazard and air-borne infection is the commonest source. Most respondents (97.4%) would like this topic to be included in the Undergraduate curriculum and 98.3% respondents were willing to attend a training programme about occupational health and safety.

Conclusions: Hospital should provide personal protective equipment’s and look after adequate waste disposal systems to prevent the occurrence of health hazards in hospitals.


Keywords


Medical students, Occupational hazard, Questionnaire

Full Text:

PDF

References


Park K. Occupational health. In: Park’s textbook of preventive and social medicine. 22nd ed. Jabalpur (M.P), India: M/s Banarsidas Bhanot publisher; 2013:746-763.

Social Affairs and Inclusion. Occupational health and safety risks in the health care sector. Guide to prevention and good practice: Directorate-General for Employment, European commission, 2011. Available at http://www.bookshop.europa.eu/en/occupational-health-and-safety-risks-in-the-healthcare-sector pbKE3111047. Accessed 8 April 2016.

Occupational hazards in hospitals. Reports on a WHO meeting. WHO: The Hague, 1981. Available at http://www.whqlibdoc.who.int/euro/r&s/EURO_R&S_80.pdf

Gestal JJ. Occupational hazards in hospitals: accidents, radiation, exposure to noxious chemicals, drug addiction and psychic problems, and assault. British J of Industrial Medicine. 1987;44:510-20.

Stress is occupational hazard for physician: Finding work life balance; 2016. Available at: http://www.doctorsdigest.net/pdf/0106_01.pdf. Accessed 12 April 2016.

Dorevitch S, Forst L. The occupational hazards of emergency physician. American J of emergency medicine. 2000;18(3):300-11.

Gorman T, Dropkin J, Kamen J, Nimbalkar S, Zuckerman N, Lowe T, et al. Controlling health hazards to hospital workers: A reference guide. NEW SOLUTIONS: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy. 2014;23(1):1-69.

Lavoie MC, Yassi A, Bryce E, Fujii R, Logronio M, Tennassee M, et al. International collaboration to protect health workers from infectious diseases in Ecuador. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2010;27(5):396-402.

Occupational Health and Safety Risk in Public Hospital: Victorian Auditor-General’s Report; 2013. Available at: https://www.audit.vic.gov.au/sites/default/files/20131128-OHS-in-Hospitals.pdf. Accessed November 2013.

Niosh C. Exposure to Stress: Occupational Hazards in Hospitals. Department of Health and Human Services centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Institute. DHHS Publication. 2008;136.

Kaliyaperumal KI. Guideline for conducting a knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) study. AECS illumination. 2004;4(1):7-9.

Aluko OO, Adebayo AE, Adebisi TF, Ewegbemi MK, Abidoye AT, Popoola BF. Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of occupational hazards and safety practices in Nigerian healthcare workers. BMC Res Notes. 2016;9(71):1-14.

A physician’s guide to occupational health and safety responsibility. Government of Alberta, Employment and Immigration. College of physicians and surgeons of Alberta. 2008. Available at: http://cpsa.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/WHS-PUB_physicians_guide.pdf?890ee8. Accessed 12 April 2013.