Effects of Ipomoea aquatica Forsk. in cyclophosphamide induced dyslipidaemia in albino rats

Rajesh Das, Khuraijam Sucheta Devi, Sayeri Dutta, Ananya Das, Prasenjit Das, Kh Krishna Pramodini Devi


Background: Cyclophosphamide (CP) is commonly used as anticancer and immuno suppressant agent. It induces hyperlipidemia and myocardium damage. Ipomoea aquatic Forsk. is traditionally used for cardiovascular disease, paralysis and general debility. The present study was done to evaluate the protective effect of the plant against CP induced dyslipidaemia in albino rats.

Methods: Twenty albino rats were divided into 4 groups of 5 animals each. Group I (normal group) received normal saline intraperitoneally. Groups II to IV received CP (200mg/kg body weight, intraperitoneally) single dose on day 1 of experimental period. Groups I and II (toxic group) animals were given 2% gum acacia per orally daily for 10 days. Groups III and IV received aqueous extract of stem and leaves of Ipomoea aquatica 200mg/kg and 400mg/kg per orally respectively daily for 10 days. On 11th day, blood samples were collected for estimation of triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol and heart tissues were sent for histopathology examination (HPE).

Results: CP administration significantly (P<0.05) increased the levels of triglyceride, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and decreased the level of HDL-cholesterol in toxic group compared to normal group. Treatment with aqueous extract of Ipomoea aquatica significantly (P<0.05) reversed the status of lipid profile compared to toxic group. HPE of myocardium showed reversal of the toxic effects of CP in the extract treated groups.

Conclusions: Ipomoea aquatica showed protective effects against CP induced dyslipidaemia in albino rats.


Albino rats, Cyclophosphamide, Dyslipidaemia, Ipomoea aquatic Forsk.

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