Clinical profiling of patients with Acid Peptic Disorders (APD) in India: a cross-sectional survey of clinicians

Ramesh Roop Rai, A. Gangadhar, Mayur M. Mayabhate


Background: Acid peptic disorders (APD) which include GERD and peptic ulcer disease (PUD) are common conditions reported in daily clinical practice. This survey aimed to understand the epidemiology, clinical presentation and associated overlapping comorbidities in Indian patients with APD.

Methods: This was an interview based cross-sectional survey of 1000 clinicians (specialist gastroenterologists and non-specialists) across India who treated patients of APD in their practice. Information related to patient demographics, diagnosis and clinical presentation (common symptoms and their duration, alarming, lower GI and extra-esophageal symptoms) were assessed. Indications for upper GI endoscopy, esophageal pH monitoring and esophageal manometry were also collected. Descriptive analyses were done.

Results: About 39.2% and 37.1% patients had reported GERD and PUD respectively (duodenal ulcer: 10.5%, gastric ulcer: 9.9% and peptic ulcer-non-specified: 16.7%); 25.2% patients were reported to have non-ulcer dyspepsia. Heartburn was the most common symptom in GERD (60.5%); epigastric pain was common in PUD (72.3%); 49% GERD patients presented with alarming symptoms, mainly dysphagia (67%), whereas for PUD, GI bleeding was the most common alarming symptom (47.6%). Profiles of patients visiting clinicians were similar with respect to the presenting symptoms and associated conditions. Functional dyspepsia (25.9%), constipation (23.4%) and irritable bowel syndrome (23.4%) were the most common overlapping conditions associated with both GERD and PUD.

Conclusions: APD (GERD and PUD) was more common in 18-59 yrs. age group with heart burn as the common symptom for GERD and epigastric pain for PUD. Diagnosis was mostly based on clinical symptoms; nearly 50% patients of APD presenting with alarming symptoms needed prompt endoscopy. Thus, there is need to focus on these overlapping disorders while managing patients of APD.


Alarming symptoms, GERD, Heartburn, Overlapping conditions

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