Analysis of self medication practice among medical undergraduates: a study in tertiary care teaching hospital, Bareilly

Richa Bhardwaj, Kauser Sayedda, Quazi Shahir Ahmed


Background: Self medication is becoming a most prevalent practice among educated people across the world. In today’s era, internet and media is one of the most important sources for promoting self medication practice. Medical students are highly influenced with this practice. Many drugs can have significant unwanted effects. This may result in serious clinical effects with potential life-threatening complications. Objective of the study was to find out the self medication practice and its details among medical undergraduates of SRMSIMS, a tertiary care teaching hospital, Bareilly.

Methods: During the study period 1st, 2nd and 3rd prof. of MBBS students were included in the study. Sample size was 348. They were asked to fill printed semi structured validated questionnaire which consist of straight forward multiple type questions. The duration of study was March 22nd 2015 to 29th March 2015.

Results: Out of 300 students, 60% (n=180) students were male and 40% (n=120) were females. Among them 94% (n=282) gave positive response and 6% (n=18) gave negative response to self-medication. Antibiotics were the most common class of drug self medicated by the majority of participants (80%) while the most common illness was fever (70%).

Conclusions: It was concluded that more than half of strength of students are likely to take self-medication for various illnesses; the reason might be the awareness of drugs due to easy accessibility of information through books, internet pharmacy and through media too. So, essential measure should be taken to reduce the practice of self medication among students to avoid development of drug dependence, resistance and drug interactions.


Antibiotics, Medical undergraduates, Self medication

Full Text:



James H, Handu SS, Khalid AJ, Khaja A, Otoom S, Sequeira RP. Evaluation of the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Self‐Medication among First‐Year Medical Students. Med Princ Pract. 2006;15:270-5.

Stephen S, Sukanya M, Scaria T, Sunny TT, Shettigar D. Self-medication Practices Among Undergraduate Nursing Students in South India: a cross-sectional study. Am Int J Res Sci Technol Eng Math. 2013;3:159-62.

Osemene KP, Lamikanra A. A Study of the Prevalence of Self Medication Practice among University students in South-Western Nigeria. Trop J Pharm Res. 2012;11:683-84.

Hughes CM, McElnay JC, Fleming GF. Benefits and risks of self medication. Drug Saf. 2001;24:1027-37.

Galato D. Joint Statement by the International Pharmaceutical Federation and the World Self-Medication Industry. Brazilian Journal of pharmaceutical Sciences. 2000;45(4):625-35.

Banerjee I, Bhadury T. Self-Medication Practice Among Undergraduate Medical Students in a Tertiary Care Medical College, West Bengal J Postgrad Med. 2012;58(2):127-31.

Sontakke SD, Bajait CS, Pimpalkhute SA, Jaiswal KM, Jaiswal SR. Comparative Study of Evaluation of Self-Medication Practices in First and Third Year Medical Students. Int J Biol Med Res. 2011;2(2):561-64.

Badiger S, Kundapur R, Jain A, Kumar A, Pattanshetty S. Self Medication Patterns Among Medical Students in South India. Australia’s Med J. 2012;5(4):217-20.

Sarahroodi S, Arzi A, Sawalha AF, Ashtarinezhad A. Antibiotic Self‐Medication Among South Iranian University Students. International Journal of Pharmacology. 2010;6(1):48‐52.

Sarkar P, Gould IM. Antimicrobial agents are societal drugs: how should this influence prescribing? Drugs. 2006;(7):893-901.

Badinger S, Kundapur R, Jain A. Self Medication Patterns among Medical Students in South India. AMJ. 2012;5:217-20.

Kumar N. Perceptions and Practices of Self-Medication among Medical Students in Coastal South India. 2013;8:e72247.

Damodar G. Assessment of Self-Medication Practices Among Medical, Pharmacy and Nursing Students at a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital. Indian J Hosp Pharm. 2012;49:79-82.