DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20164761

Socio-economics: a propensity of self-medication among OPD patients of a teaching hospital

Subha Sankar Chattopadhyay, Angana Datta, Aritra Ghosh, Suvadip Biswas, Krishnendu Mandal, Supreeti Biswas

Abstract


Background: Use of over the counter (OTC) drug is very much common in India. Not only medical professionals or educated urban population but also it is common in rural area and low educated person. This study was done to assess the extent of knowledge and practices of OTC drugs among OPD patients of a tertiary care hospital.

Methods: A questionnaire based study was conducted among 1680 Medicine OPD (outpatient department) patients.

Results: Among the participants, 62% patients taking OTC drugs at least once in their life. Most common symptoms for self-medication were fever (89%), cough and cold (78%), headache (67%), pain (53%), diarrhea (10%), vomiting (10%), indigestion (20%). Antipyretics (65%), analgesics (35%) among NSAIDs which were common used as OTC drugs. Others drugs were antacids (50%), cough and cold preparations (50%), Vitamins (30%), antiemetics (5%).

Conclusions: Awareness is necessary to use drugs rationally with proper prescription and know about harmful effects of OTC drugs.


Keywords


Awareness, NSAIDs, Over the counter drug, Proper prescription, Questionnaire

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