Knowledge and attitude towards the use of emergency contraceptive pills among college students


  • Prakash R. Shelat Department of Pharmacology, B. J. Medical College, Ahmedabad 380016, India
  • Nikunj H. Hihoriya Department of Pharmacology, B. J. Medical College, Ahmedabad 380016, India
  • Shivaprasad Kumbar Department of Pharmacology, B. J. Medical College, Ahmedabad 380016, India


Emergency contraception (EC), Emergency contraception pill (ECP), Female students


Background: Emergency contraception is applied to prevent pregnancy after 72-120 hours of unprotected sexual intercourse. Emergency contraceptive (EC) pill is used to reduce unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion.  EC pill is available as OTC in India since 2005. As EC pill highly used among adolescents we carried out to this study among college students.

Methods: The study was conducted among female college students. A pre-validated questionnaire was used as tool for the study. It contains consent form and questions knowledge and attitude regarding EC pill.

Results: We divided students into group A (medical, paramedical and pharmacy colleges) and group B (nonmedical colleges like science, arts and engineering). In group A 470 and group B 280 students were participated. Knowledge about appropriate time of taking EC pill (within 72 hours after sexual intercourse) was 44% in group A which is significant than 15% in group B. Knowledge about brand name, availability cost and side effects were more in group A than group B. Electronic media was the most common source of information mentioned by both the groups. Attitude regarding advice to use of EC pill to other was more in group A than group B.

Conclusions: Knowledge about use of EC pill was higher in group A than group B. Attitude was not positive regarding availability of EC pill as OTC. So education about EC pill among young population is necessary.


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How to Cite

Shelat, P. R., Hihoriya, N. H., & Kumbar, S. (2017). Knowledge and attitude towards the use of emergency contraceptive pills among college students. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 1(2), 77–84. Retrieved from



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