Knowledge and attitude towards the use of emergency contraceptive pills among college students

Prakash R. Shelat, Nikunj H. Hihoriya, Shivaprasad Kumbar

Abstract


Background: Emergency contraception is applied to prevent pregnancy after 72-120 hours of unprotected sexual intercourse. Emergency contraceptive (EC) pill is used to reduce unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion.  EC pill is available as OTC in India since 2005. As EC pill highly used among adolescents we carried out to this study among college students.

Methods: The study was conducted among female college students. A pre-validated questionnaire was used as tool for the study. It contains consent form and questions knowledge and attitude regarding EC pill.

Results: We divided students into group A (medical, paramedical and pharmacy colleges) and group B (nonmedical colleges like science, arts and engineering). In group A 470 and group B 280 students were participated. Knowledge about appropriate time of taking EC pill (within 72 hours after sexual intercourse) was 44% in group A which is significant than 15% in group B. Knowledge about brand name, availability cost and side effects were more in group A than group B. Electronic media was the most common source of information mentioned by both the groups. Attitude regarding advice to use of EC pill to other was more in group A than group B.

Conclusions: Knowledge about use of EC pill was higher in group A than group B. Attitude was not positive regarding availability of EC pill as OTC. So education about EC pill among young population is necessary.


Keywords


Emergency contraception (EC), Emergency contraception pill (ECP), Female students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Park K. Park's Text Book of Preventive and Social Medicine. 18th ed. Jabalpur: M/S Banarasi Das Bhanot; 2005:361.

Mehra R, Goel P, Dua D, Huria A. Knowledge of emergency contraception among women coming for induced abortion. J Obstet Gynecol India 2006;56:233-5.

International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) and Macro International. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005-06. Available at http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADK385.pdf. Accessed 6 June 2012.

Saikia H, Lama A. OTC- Availability of emergency contraceptive Levonorgestrel: A Review. J Pharm Res 2011;4:67-71.

Rahaman H, Renjhen P, Kumar A, Pattanshetty S, Sagir A, Dubey H. A study on Emergency Contraceptive practice among nursing staff in Sikkim, India- A cross sectional study. AMJ 2010;3:667-71.

Government of India. Guidelines for Administration of Emergency Contraceptive Pills by Health Care Providers. Family Planning Division, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Govt of India, Nov’ 2008. Available at http://mohfw.nic.in/NRHM/FP/ECP_Book_Final.pdf. Accessed 7 June 2012.

Kishore V, Misro MM, Nandan D. Providers' knowledge, attitude and dispensing practices of E-Pills in government dispensaries of south district in Delhi, India. Indian J Community Med 2010;35:46-51.

Harrington P, Shepherd M. Analysis of the movement of prescription drugs to over-the-counter status. J Manag Care Pharm 2002;8:499-508.

Reddy SR, Premarajan KC, Narayan A, Mishra AK. Rapid appraisal of knowledge, attitude and practices related to family planning methods among men within 5 year of married life. Indian J Prev Soc Med 2003;34:63-6.

Puri S, Goe N, Sehagal A, Walia D, Mangat C. Emergnecy contraception in women of slums in Northern India. J Fam Reprod Health 2009;3:77-82.

Okonofuva FE, Omoaghoja LO, Hammed AA, Osaze KK. A survey of the knowledge and practices of emergency contraception by private medical practitioners in Nigeria. J Chin Clin Med 2009;4:32-9.

Singh S, Mittal S, Anandalakshmy P, Goel V. Emergency contraception: knowledge and views of doctors in Delhi. Health Popul Perspect Issues 2002;25:45-54.

Puri S, Bhatia V, Swami HM, Singh A, Sehgal A, Kaur AP. Awareness of emergency contraception among female college students in Chandigarh, India. Indian J Med Sci 2007;61:338-46.

Takkar N, Goel P, Saha PK, Dua D. Contraceptive practices and awareness of emergency contraception in educated working women. Indian J Med Sci 2005;59:143-9.

Irfan F, Karim S, Hashmi S, Ali S, Ali SA. Knowledge of emergency contraception among women of childbearing age at a teaching hospital of Karachi. J Pak Med Assoc 2009;59:235-40.

Kongnyuy EJ , Ngassa P, Fomulu N, Wiysonge C, Kouam L, Doh A. A survey of knowledge, attitudes and practice of emergency contraception among university students in Cameroon. BMC Emerg Med 2007;7:7.