Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among college students
Keywords:Self-medication, Medical students, Non-medical students, Delhi
Background: Self-medication is widely practiced both in developed and developing countries. Self-medication has certain advantages as it is convenient, economical, and medical resources are not wasted for minor illnesses. However, there are disadvantages as the disease recognized may not be correct, there is delay in meeting a health care worker, the side-effects of the medication are not known, inappropriate usage of antibiotics leading to drug resistance, taking the same drug with different trade names, it can lead to drug interactions and can also lead to drug addiction. College students prefer self-medication for minor illness or to save time and money. There is no data on the prevalence and pattern of self-medication in college students in Delhi. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among medical and non-medical students.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 200 students of Delhi University using a pretested, structured questionnaire about demographics, knowledge, attitude, and practices of self-medication. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 16.0.
Results: Self-medication is commonly practiced among both medical and non‑medical college students. From a total of 200 students, 93% of the students had used self-medication of which 7% used it always. Allopathy is the most preferred system of medication.
Conclusions: The reasons for self-medication were similar among medical and non-medical students, but positive attitude and knowledge toward self-medication was more among the medical students.
Wijesinghe PR, Jayakody RL, Seneviratne RA. Prevalence and predictors of self medication in a selected urban and rural district of Sri Lanka. WHO South-East Asia J Public Health. 2012;1(1):28-41.
Kamat VR, Nichter M. Pharmacies, self-medication and pharmaceutical marketing in Bombay, India. Soc Sci Med. 1998;47(6):779-94.
World Health Organization. Guidelines for Regulatory Assessment of Medicinal Products for Use in Self medication, 2000. Available at http://www.apps.who.int/ medicnedocs/ en/d/Js2218e. Accessed 14 Jan 2014.
Calabresi P, Cupini LM. Medication-overuse headache: similarities with drug addiction. Trends Pharmacol Sci. 2005;26(2):62-8.
Hughes CM, McElnay JC, Fleming GF. Benefits and risks of self medication. Drug Saf. 2001;24(14):1027-37.
Bauchner H, Wise PH. Antibiotics without prescription: “bacterial or medical resistance”? Lancet. 2000;355(9214):1480.
Greenhalgh T. Drug prescription and self-medication in India: an exploratory survey. Soc Sci Med. 1987;25(3):307 18.
Afolabi AO. Factors influencing the pattern of self medication in an adult Nigerian population. Ann Afr Med. 2008;7:120 7.
Klemenc-Ketis Z, Hladnik Z, Kersnik J. Self-medication among healthcare and non-healthcare students at University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. Med Princ Pract. 2010;19(5):395 401.
Nalini GK. Self medication amongst allopathic doctors in Karnataka, India. 10. Br J Med Pract. 2010;3(2):325.
Yasmin M, Ashraf J, Tahir M, Shahla Z, Sara A. Self medication among university students of Karachi. JLUMHS. 2011;10:102-5.
Zafar SN, Syed R, Waqar S, Zubairi AJ, Vaqar T, Shaikh M, et al. Self-medication amongst university students of Karachi: prevalence, knowledge and attitudes. J Pak Med Assoc. 2008;58(4):214-7.
Martins AP, Miranda Ada C, Mendes Z, Soares MA, Ferreira P, Nogueira A. Self-medication in a Portuguese urban population: a prevalence study. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2002;11:409-14.
Sawalha AF. Assessment of self-medication practice among University students in Palestine: therapeutic and toxicity implications. Islamic Univ J. 2007;15:67-82.
Gutema GB, Gadisa DA, Abebe Z, Berhe DF, Berhe AH, Hadera MG, et al. Self medication practices among health sciences students: the case of Mekelle University. J Appl Pharam Sci. 2011;01(10):183-9.
Kayalvizhi S, Senapathi R. Evaluation of the perception, attitude and practice of self medication among business students in 3 select cities, South India. Int J Enterp Innov Manage Stud. 2010;1(3):40-3.
Fadare JO, Tamuno I. Antibiotic self-medication among university medical undergraduates in Northern Nigeria. J Public Health Epidemiol. 2011;3(5):217-20.
James H, Handu SS, Al Khaja KA, Otoom S, Sequeira RP. Evaluation of the knowledge, attitude and practice of self medication among first-year medical students. Med Princ Pract. 2006;15(4):270-5.
Ali SE, Ibrahim MI, Palaian S. Medication storage and self medication behaviour amongst female students in Malaysia. Pharm Pract (Granada). 2010;8(4):226-32.
Angamo MT, Wabe NT. Knowledge, attitude and practice of self medication in Southwest Ethiopia. IJPSR. 2012;3(4):1005-10.