DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20170344

Antiulcer activity of hydroalcoholic extract of unripe fruit of carica papaya in experimental rats

Ramandeep Kaur, Kalyan Sen

Abstract


Background: Carica papaya has previously reported antioxidant, analgesic and anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and anti-histaminic activity. Peptic ulcer disease involves inflammation and oxidative stress, so hydroalcoholic extract of Carica papaya fruits may have strong potential for an antiulcer agent. Aim and objectives of the study were in this study pharmacological evaluation of antiulcer effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Carica papaya fruits was performed by pyloric ligation induced gastric ulcers.

Methods: Preliminary phytochemical investigation, estimation of phenolic and flavonoid content, In vitro antioxidant activities, antiulcer activity to find out the efficacy of hydroalcoholic extract of Carica papaya fruits.

Results: Treatment with 500 mg/kg of hydroalcoholic extract of Carica papaya fruits efficacious in reducing ulcer index in pyloric ligation induced gastric ulcer model. Hydroalcoholic extract Carica papaya of showed a dose dependent decrease in ulcer and reduces ulcer index which was supported by morphological and histological studies.

Conclusions: Thus it can be concluded that hydroalcoholic extract of Carica papaya fruits have antiulcer activity, which can be attributed to its antioxidant mechanism of action.


Keywords


Antioxidant, Antiulcer, Carica papaya

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