A questionnaire based study to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of rationale use of antibiotics among undergraduate dental students in a tertiary care dental hospital of South India


  • Tajuddin Shaik Department of Pharmacology, Dilla Referral Hospital, Dilla University, Ethiopia
  • Bikash Ranjan Meher Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Science, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India




Antibiotic, Dental, Rational, Under graduate


Background: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of rational use of antibiotics among dental students and make necessary interventions suitable to meet their need and aspiration.

Methods: Questionnaire was administered to the students of a dental college hospital to assess their knowledge, attitude and practice about rational use of antibiotics. Data was analysed after entering in to a Microsoft excel sheet and by using descriptive statistics.

Results: The response rate of our study was 100%. Large majority (94%) of the students knew that antibiotics were useful in bacterial infections. More than half of the students (63.7%) believed that antibiotic resistance is a threat to mankind. A very less percentage (23.3%) of students had ever attended (Continuous Medical Education) CME regarding the rational use of antibiotics.

Conclusions: This study showed that that most of the students possessed average knowledge about antibiotics. Their attitude was also not satisfactory towards rational use of antibiotics and same was true for the practice as well. Educational intervention is utmost essential to improve their KAP regarding rational use of antibiotics.


WHO. The Evolving Threat of Antimicrobial Resistance: Options for Action; 2012.

Vila J, Pal T. Update on antimicrobial resistance in low-income countries: Factors favoring the emergence of resistance. Open Infect Dis J 2010;4:38-54.

Varghese RT, Das R. Antimicrobial drug resistance in India, Possible causes. Asian Stud Med J 2010;1:151-54.

Shiva H, Azadeh N, Mehdi R. Irrational antibiotic prescribing: a local issue or global concern? Excli Journal. 2013;12:384-395.

Lambrecht JT. Antibiotic prophylaxis and therapy in dental surgery. Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnmed. 2004;114:601-13.

Jaunay T, Sambrook P, Goss A. Antibiotic prescribing practices by South Australian general dental practitioners. Aust Dent J. 2000;45:179-86.

Rodriguez-Núñez A, Cisneros-Cabello R, Velasco-Ortega E, Llamas-Carreras JM, Tórres-Lagares D, Segura-Egea JJ. Antibiotic use by members of the Spanish Endodontic Society. J Endow 2009;35:1198s-203.

Cope AL, Wood F, Francis NA, Chestnutt IG. General dental practitioners′ perceptions of antimicrobial use and resistance: A qualitative interview study. Br Dent J. 2014;217:E9.

Ohl CA, Luther VP. Health care provider education as a tool to enhance antibiotic stewardship practices. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2014;28(2):177-93.

Mahajan M, Dudhgaonkar S, Deshmukh S. A Questionnaire based Survey on the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices about Antimicrobial Resistance and Usage among the Second year MBBS Students of a Teaching tertiary care Hospital in Central India. IJPR. 2014;4(4):175-9.

Abbo LM, Cosgrove SE, Pottinger PS, Medical Students’ Perceptions and Knowledge about Antimicrobial Stewardship: How Are We Educating Our Future Prescribers? Clinical infectious diseases; 2013.

Sharma K, Jain P, Sharma A. Knowledge, attitude and perception of medical and dental undergraduates about antimicrobial stewardship. Indian J Pharmacol. 2015;47:676-9.

Khan AKA, Banu G, KKR. Antibiotic Resistance and Usage-A Survey on the Knowledge, Attitude, Perceptions and Practices among the Medical Students of a Southern Indian Teaching Hospital. J Clin Diagn Res. 2013;7(8):1613-161.

Dyar OJ, Pulcini C, Howard P, Nathwani D. On behalf of ESGAP, (the ESCMID Study Group for Antibiotic Policies). European medical students: a first multicentre study of knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of antibiotic prescribing and antibiotic resistance. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2013;69(3):842-6.

Minen MT, Duquaine D, Marx MA, Weiss D. A survey of knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of medical students concerning antimicrobial use and resistance. Microb Drug Resist. 2010;16(4):285-9.

Scaioli G, Gualano MR, Gili R, Masucci S, Bert F. Roberta Siliquin Antibiotic Use: A Cross-Sectional Survey Assessing the Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices amongst Students of a School of Medicine in Italy PLoS One. 2015;10(4):e0122476.

Zafar SN. Self-medication amongst university students of Karachi: Prevalence, knowledge and attitudes. JPMA. 2008;58:214-17.

Shubha R, Madhav K. Savkar, Manjunath GN. Self medications pattern among dentists with antibiotics. Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences. 2013;2(46):9037-41.




How to Cite

Shaik, T., & Meher, B. R. (2017). A questionnaire based study to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of rationale use of antibiotics among undergraduate dental students in a tertiary care dental hospital of South India. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 6(2), 312–315. https://doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20170321



Original Research Articles