DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20170819

Survey of use of over the counter drug and other than over the counter drugs among medical students, nursing and technician staff of a tertiary care teaching hospital

Priyanka D. Patel, Kamlesh P. Patel, Supriya D. Malhotra

Abstract


Background: To find out pattern and extent of use of OTC and other than OTC drugs among medical students, nursing and technician staff.

Methods: Study began after taking permission and approval from Institutional Review Board (IRB). Medical student, nursing and technician staff of tertiary care teaching hospital was enrolled after written informed consent. Pre validated questionnaire regarding use of such use was administered to each participant.

Results: A total of 200 participants responded to questionnaire, M:F ratio was 1:1.7. Majority of the participants had taken OTC drugs for cough/cold (72.6%) followed by headache/ body ache (71.1%). Paracetamol (81%) followed by Diclofenac (42.5%), ibuprofen (37.8%) were the most common drugs taken. About 85% participants had taken antimicrobial considering it as an OTC product. Most commonly used antimicrobials were metronidazole (19.4%) followed by levofloxacin (17.9%).Most common reason for self medication was the perception that the disease wasn’t serious (44.8%), favourable prior advertisement (34.3%). About 52% requested for drug by mentioning name of drug. Most (50.7%) felt that OTC drug improved their illness. 45.9% stopped when symptoms disappeared. Majority of the participants (57.2%) believed use of OTC drug is a good practice. Most of the participants (56.7%) believed they can treat symptoms with OTC drugs.64.7% participants believed use of OTC drug is beneficial for them. Most of the participants lack the knowledge for dose (73.6%) and frequency (68.2%) of drug. A substantial number of participants (58.61%) were taking drugs outside OTC list.

Conclusions: Awareness and dangers of misuse of OTC medications among all the participants was less. Therefore it is suggested that proper education should be imparted regarding illness where self-administration of OTC drugs to be employed.


Keywords


Awareness, Misuse, Over the counter, Self-medication

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