Inclusion body myositis in an older patient
Keywords:Chronic disease, Inclusion body myositis, Myopathy, Myositis, Older adult, Sporadic myositis
Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is a condition also referred to as sporadic IBM. It is a rare variant of a broader group of diseases described under the banner of inflammatory myositis. In general, myositis/myositides tend to present with a varying cluster of symptoms such as muscular weakness, aches and/or pain. Myositis has been linked to multiple causes or triggers, but generally share the common feature (present to a variable extent) of inflammatory changes within skeletal muscle tissue. In addition, some associations (e.g. Sjogren’s disease and systemic lupus erythematosus – SLE) have been reported for IBM. Some medication classes (e.g. statins and fibrates) may present a risk to certain individuals developing drug-associated myopathies. IBM can be challenging to diagnose, and may be mistaken for many other causes of muscle weakness e.g. polymyositis. Furthermore, IBM tends to affect muscles asymmetrically, and runs a typically progressive and chronic course. Consequently, over time IBM may result in significant functional impairment, activity limitation, and participation restriction. This case report describes an older woman with a clinical diagnosis of probable IBM complicated with oesophageal dysmotility. She presented to hospital with progressive dysphagia, breathlessness, and a productive cough for which treatment was started for aspiration pneumonia. The report considers some broader ‘principles of management’ of a chronic myositis. In the current absence of a definitive curative treatment, we also discuss some realistic and practical pharmacological treatment options that may be used for the selective care of patients presenting with an incurable chronic myositis such as IBM.
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