A 12 week prospective clinical evidence of empagliflozin efficacy in uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus treated with metformin and a sulfonylurea
Keywords:Type 2 diabetes mellitus, HbA1c, FPG, BMI, Sodium glucose co-transporter 2 Inhibitor, Sulfonylurea, Metformin, DBP, SBP
Background: The main aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of empagliflozin 10 mg once daily over 12 weeks as add-on therapy to metformin plus sulfonylurea in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with inadequate glycemic control.
Methods: It is a prospective, observational, study conducted in patients of Sri Badhrakali Diabetic Center located in Warangal, Telangana, India. The efficacy of empagliflozin 10 mg was assessed by measuring the change in the glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), body mass index (BMI) at the baseline and 12 weeks, systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) at the baseline and after 24 hours of treatment.
Results: In the present study, the addition of empagliflozin to metformin and Sulfonylurea therapy for 12 weeks provided 0.87 % reduction in HbA1c. The mean changes of FPG from baseline to 12-week is -26 mg/dl. At 24 hours empagliflozin significantly reduced blood pressure with mean changes of SBP and DBP -4.147 and -1.526 mmHg respectively. The mean changes in BMI from baseline to week 12 is -0.638 kg/m2.
Conclusions: Empagliflozin 10 mg provided ancillary reduction in HbA1c outside of metformin and sulfonylurea. Controlled body weight, HbA1c, blood pressure decreases diabetes progression, decreased risk of diabetic complications and reduced risk for cardiovascular disorders.
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