Innovations in existing routes and novel drug delivery systems for local anaesthetics


  • Diwanshu Sharma Department of Pharmacology, ASCOMS, Jammu, India
  • Anshu Gupta MMIMSR, MMU, Mullana, Ambala, India



NDDS, Clinical techniques, Sonophoresis, Magnetophoresis, Micropolations


New drug delivery systems (NDDS) are developed for improvement in efficacy of the drugs, provide maximum benefit to the patient and to minimize the adverse drug reactions. For local anaesthetics (LAs), the development of new effective delivery systems modulate the release rate, extend their anaesthetic effect , and helps to enhance their localisation as desired. The various routes of local anaesthetic delivery (epidural, peripheral, wound catheters, intra-nasal, intra-vesical, intra-articular, intra-osseous) are under innovation these days. Different methods such as include iontophoresis, electroporation, sonophoresis, and magnetophoresis are being used to enhance local anaesthetic permeation. Adjuvants are added to potentiate drug effects. The use of different delivery systems should  help to keep the LA at  the  target  site  for  longer  periods  prolonging  the  anesthetic  or  analgesic  effect  with an extended range of agents


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How to Cite

Sharma, D., & Gupta, A. (2016). Innovations in existing routes and novel drug delivery systems for local anaesthetics. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 5(3), 566–572.



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