Periodic evaluation of drug utilization in intensive coronary care unit patients in a tertiary care hospital

Sangeeta Nath Sharma, Rajendra Holla, Subramanyam K., Mangala Srinivas


Background: A wide and gradual variation exists periodically in the patterns of pharmacotherapy among patients admitted with CVDs in CCU. Periodic evaluation of drug utilization in the CCU is necessary for optimization of health care system, proper use of resources and making prescription policy.

Methods: It was retrospective and prospective study. Study was carried out at Tertiary care hospital in Mangalore. Retrospective study period was from 1/07/2010 till 31/12/2010 and Prospective study duration was from 1/01/2016 till 30/06/2016. Patients from CCU were participants of this study.

Results: Data of total 278 patients were taken, out of which 138 patients from 2010 and 140 patients in 2016 were analyzed respectively and were compared among drug therapy for IHD - Nitrates, dual antiplatelet therapy (aspirin and clopidogrel), dyslipidemic drugs and beta blockers remain drug of choice in both retrospective and prospective study. But, anticoagulant (heparin/ LMWH) use increased in prospective studies. In Heart failure - nitrates, antiplatelet, dyslipidemic drugs followed by inotropes and diuretics was used in both study. Cardiomyopathy was managed with diuretics, ACEIs, and nitrates in both retrospective and prospective study.

Conclusions: In conclusion, predominance of male gender and poly-pharmacy were observed. However, it has identified areas to further rationalize and optimize patterns of polypharmacy and evidence based use of medications like beta blockers, anticoagulants/antiplatelet agents and antiarrythmisc. The results on the major determinants of cardiovascular drug use in CCU matched with the existing indications and cautions for use with each drug class.


Arrhythmia, Cardiomyopathy, CCU, IHD, Polypharmacy

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