DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2319-2003.ijbcp20173288

Clinical and socio-demographic profile of treatment on osteoarthritis patients in Tirupathi, Andhra Pradesh, India

J. Viswanath, Chakrapani Cheekavolu, S. Sankaraiah, Renu Dixit

Abstract


Background: Osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative joint disease and it is slowly progressive with signs and symptoms being pain. It is a common cause of disability affecting 60-70% of the population in the age of 60 years. It usually affects the hand, large weight bearing joints, often the knee and the hip.

Methods: A prospective study was carried out in S.V Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital. Collected the data of Socio-demographic and risk factors (age, diet, history, marital status, religion, occupation etc.) during the treatment of osteoarthritis among the patients in hospital.

Results: The data reveals that majority of the patients belongs to the age group of 51-60 (43.33%) and 41-50 years (33.33%) followed by 61-70years (16.66%), 31-40 years (6.66%), and 70 % of females, 30% patients were Males in present study. 90% were married 10% were widows. 63.33% of Hindu, 23.33 % were Muslims and only 13.33% were Christians. 40%, of labour, 33.33% Businessmen, 13.33% Servicemen and 13.33% House wives. 53.33% rural, 46.66% urban area. 50% were belonging to middle class while 23.33% were very poor status, 16.66% Rich only 10 % patients were from upper middle class families. 43.33% were Primary level education, 36.66% were illiterates, 10% up to Graduation, 6.66% Post-Graduation and 3.33% up to Matriculation. 63.33% mixed diet, 36.66% vegetarian.

Conclusions: Present study reveals that, incidence of osteoarthritis was very high especially in elder female, married, Hindu, labour, rural area, middle class with very poor, primary education, mixed diet (vegetarian with non-vegetarian) patients. 


Keywords


Cissus quadrangularis linn, Demographic profile, Osteoarthritis, Tirupathi, Zingiber officinale rocs

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kelsey JL, Hochberg MC. Epidemiology of chronic musculoskeletal disorders. Annu Rev Public Health, 1988;9:379-401.

Hinman RS, Hunt MA, Creaby MW, Wrigley T, McManus FJ, Bennell KL. Hip muscle weakness in individuals with medial knee osteoarthritis. Arthritis Care Res. 2010;62:1190-3.

Creamer P, Lethbridge Cejku M, Hochberg MC. Factors associated with functional impairment in symptomatic knee osteoarthritis. Rheumatology. 2000;39(5):490-6. [Cited November 23, 1999].

Cicuttini FM, Spector TD. Evidence for the increasing prevalence of osteoarthritis with aging; does this pertain to the oldest old? In Osteoarthritis - public health implications for an aging population (ed. D Hamerman). Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press; 1997:49-62.

Maurer K. Basic data on arthritis knee, hip, and sacroiliac joints in adults ages, 25-74 years. Vital and Health Statistics - Series 11: Data from the National Health Survey. 1979;213:1-31.

Bhatia D. Current interventions in the management of Knee Osteoarthritis. Journal of Pharmacy and Bio Allied Sciences. 2013;5(1).

Nevitt MC, Felson DT, Gayle L. Osteoarthritis initiative- Protocol for Cohort Study. Available at: http://oai.epiucsf.org/datarelease/docs/StudyDesignProtocol.pdf.

Felson DT, Zhang Y. An update on the epidemiology of knee and hip osteoarthritis with a view to prevention. Arthritis Rheum. 1998;41(8):1343-55.

Felson DT, Chaisson CE. Understanding the relationship between body weight and osteoarthritis. Baillieres Clin Rheum. 1997;11(4):671-81.

Oliveria SA, Felson DT, Cirillo PA, Reed JI, Walker AM. Body weight, body mass index, and incident symptomatic osteoarthritis of the hand, hip, and knee. Epidemiology. 1999 Mar 1:161-6.