A study to evaluate prescribing pattern of antibiotics among patients of urinary tract infection with preexisting renal disorders in a tertiary care hospital

Dinesh K. Dhodi, Sarita Jaiswar, Sagar B. Bhagat, Rohini S. Gambre

Abstract


Background: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections encountered and treated worldwide. The objective was to determine the incidence, culture-sensitivity status, prescription pattern of antibiotics and response to various antibiotics and other therapeutic considerations in patients of complicated UTI (cUTI).

Methods: The observational prospective analytical study conducted in Department of Nephrology, Grant Government Medical College and Sir JJ Group of Hospitals, Mumbai.

Results: A total percentage of patients having UTI was 13.08%. Of these 200 patients, 119 patients were female (60%) and 81 patients were male (41 %). Among male, the prevalence was seen more in geriatric age group and among female in adult group. Symptomatologically, fever was the most common symptom. Among male, diabetes mellitus was most commonly associated with cUTI whereas recurrent UTI were more common among female. Of the 200 patients, culture sensitivity was done in 133 patients. Escherichia coli was found to be the most common organism.Quinolones were the most commonly prescribed first line drug followed by beta-lactamase inhibitors. Combinations such as cefoperazone + linezolid were the most commonly prescribed second-line drug, followed by combination of ceftriaxone or cefoperazone with metronidazole.Paracetamol was the most common non antibiotic support given.

Conclusions: The results of this study may not be representative of the general population; but UTIs are often treated empirically, and susceptibility tests are often carried out only when the patient has failed one or more courses of antibiotics.


Keywords


Antibiotic, Renal disorder, Urinary tract infection

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References


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